Essay on Effect Of Humanism On The Renaissance Period

Essay on Effect Of Humanism On The Renaissance Period

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Renaissance period was characterized as the “rebirth period” in Europe with a rise in Classical learning and values. The scholars and thinkers consider it to be a resurgence of Classical learning and wisdom after a long period of cultural unproductivity. At the beginning of the Renaissance, ideas were expressed by the logical movement called humanism. These included the rising disasters of the Roman Catholic Church and the Holy Roman Empire to provide a stable and uniting structure for the society of spiritual and material life, the rise in reputation of city-states and national monarchies, the improvement of national languages, and the division of the ancient feudal structures. The effects of humanism was to support men to break free from the mental criticisms imposed by religious beliefs, to encourage examination and criticism, and to inspire a new confidence to human thought and inventions. The Renaissance ended with the fall of Rome in 1527. The tensions between Christian faith and Classical humanism led to Mannerism. There was many advances during the Renaissance: exploration of new continents, the substitution of the Copernican for the Ptolemaic system of astronomy, the decline of the feudal system and the growth of commerce, and the invention of such potentially powerful innovations as paper, printing, telescope and gunpowder. In technology, the invention of printing in the 15th century began to transform the distribution of knowledge. Printing increased the quantity and quality of books and helped eliminate errors. The printing press changed intellectual work into a collaborative rather than an unsocial activity. The use of gunpowder transformed warfare between 1450 and 1550. Artillery was very effective against the stonew...

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...ael before him, was seeking to break down the medieval dichotomy between heaven and earth.” Collectively they all wanted to perfect the way the earth and the universe were viewed. Leonardo de Vinci and Michelangelo also contributed to science through medical studies. “Medical studies was strengthened by the Renaissance concepts of the centrality of humanity and the rejection of dogmatic knowledge” according to Di Matteo. Leonardo 's discoveries were the revelation that a thrown projectile moves in one curved course rather than multiple directions. These techniques allowed him to make great sculptures, and anatomical clarifications that improved the accuracy of his drawings. Collectively artist and scientist during the Renaissance made great advances and discoveries. These findings helped formulate today’s artist and technique, and science and astronomy as a whole.

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