The Effect Of Gas Laws On Earth Essay

The Effect Of Gas Laws On Earth Essay

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On earth, substances tend to exist in one of three phases; either a solid, liquid, or gas. While solids and liquids have defining factors such as volume, and for solids only, a shape, gases exhibit neither of these. Gases naturally take the shape of and expand into the volume of the container, and change when placed in different surroundings. As gases are constantly moving around and colliding with the walls, they exert a force, or pressure, on the walls of its container. Pressure is one of the characteristic behaviors that gases exhibit, but due to their nature, various factor effect the pressures that a gas can exert. Towards the end of the eighteenth century, scientist began to stumble upon these various factors that affect gases, especially those concerning pressure, which then sprouted the creation of gas laws.
One of the first gas laws discovered was the relating pressure and volume, or Boyle’s Law. Initially, this relationship was observed by English mathematician and astronomer Richard Towneley and English physician Henry Power, who studied the “elasticity” of air and experimented with mercury and air dilation (volume manipulation). Using a Torricellian tube and a mercury dish, the two were able identify the inverse correlation between pressure and volume of the air (gas). Their findings were then later verified and published by Robert Boyle. Boyle performed an experiment similar to that of Towneley and Power, using mercury and a glass j-tube sealed on one end. A fixed amount of Air (gas) was trapped on one end and Boyle would systematically add mercury on the open end (to allow atmospheric pressure affect the pressure the mercury forced against the trapped air) to change the pressure and volume of the gas. He determined ...


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...emperatures. From Amontons’ and Guy-Lussac’s research and experimentation, they determined that pressure and volume had direct relationship; as one increased, the other increased. The quotient of pressure and temperature was then found to equal a constant, in which just like Boyle’s law, could be used to find one of the two variables at another pressure or temperature, given one of the variables and that the other conditions remain the same. Instead of using various solutions at different temperatures like in the experiment describe above, many experiments today utilize a solution in which the temperature is increased or decrease, such as in the following experiment.
In the following procedures, the experiments performed by Boyle and Gay-Lussac will be remodeled and performed in order to better understand the relationships between pressure, volume, and temperature.

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