Effect of Food Security in Climate Change Essay

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Food security is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations (FAO) as “a condition in which all people, at all times, have physical and economic
access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences
for an active and healthy life.” According to Mustafa Koc’s presentation, food security
should be viewed as both a societal objective as well as a discourse where the need to for
looking at the bigger picture is an evident theme. He explores reasons as to why there is food
insecurity and alludes back to the fact that food is often seen as a commodity, not as a human
right. This rights-based perception of food security relates to that presented in Oxfam’s
Handbook of Development and Relief where it stresses that every human being has the right
to adequate and affordable food, and that both hunger and malnutrition are forms of injustice
that must be eliminated by every possible means. That being said, food security has a direct
link to the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goal (MDG) to eradicate extreme
poverty and hunger. However, producing a sufficient quantity of food to feed our expanding
global population while trying to stabilize our climate system, presents some great challenges.
Food system, as defined by Mustafa Koc in his guest lecture presentation, is a “complex
web of social relations, processes, structures and institutional arrangements that cover human
interaction with nature and with other humans throughout the food cycle from production to
consumption and even further.” Our current global food system is not sustainable. It does not
provide adequate nutrition to everyone worldwide, yet it allows for some populations to

... middle of paper ...

...cause and effect relationship of climate and human activity, and climate and human need, the ability to redesign the way we produce and cultivate food staples can be created. With this ability the longevity of agricultural systems can influence a decrease in food prices, in turn increasing the number of food secure populations.

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