Essay Effect Of Divorce On Children

Essay Effect Of Divorce On Children

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It is well known that divorce has affected uncountable amounts of children of many different age ranges. These effects may vary from positive or negative. According to Arkes (2015), “Many studies have found that parental divorce and living in a non-intact family are associated with several negative outcomes for children, including behavioral problems and lower student achievement.” (p. 1) Every child is different and will have a different experience, just as every divorce and parent relationships are different. The impact on the children can vary from academic, to behavioral, and maybe even effect their future relationships.

In a study done by Arkes (2015), it is shown that children, whose parents have divorced, will have a worse relationship with their parents than those of children who have married parents. Additionally, the relationship with the father is seemingly worse than that of the mother but both are noticeable worse off than if the parents and child were to all live together. This may be because they don’t get to see the parents as much as they used to. Furthermore, the relationship with one parent may have been closer before the divorce; this study showed that if that is the case, the relationship with that parent would likely increase in closeness while the relationship with the other parent will worsen. (Arkes, 2015)

Another study confirms it being likely that there will be worsening of child-parent relationships post divorce. Del Boca & Cigno (2003) states “…the non-residential parent (generally the father) contribute to their children less after separation in terms of income and time.” Going from being a full time family to seeing each parent potentially only half the time is without a doubt extremely traumatizin...


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...ces that accompany it and suggests a possible avenue for intervention— helping divorced parents provide a supportive and stimulating home environment.”

Overall it has been concluded time and time again, that children who experience a divorce at some point in their childhood, will have some extent of a reaction. Whether it is behavioral, or the effects on the parent-child relationship, is case by case. Kalmijn (2013) states, “Because the relationships between parents are strained after divorce, children may experience conflicts of loyalty which they may solve by disengaging from one parent and interacting more with the other parent.” However, these reactions can be alleviated or lessened. It is shown that children will have an improved coping process if parents work together to cooparent and if they go through parenting programs. (Velez, Wolchik, Tein & Sandler, 2011)

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