The Effect Of Avignon Papacy Essay

The Effect Of Avignon Papacy Essay

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The prestige of papacy has faltered many times during the History of the Roman Catholic Church. One of the largest issues with papacy prior to the time of reformation was the influence of France on the church. Throughout history countries or monarchies have often fought for power and influence over the church and state. For a period of time, the papacy left residency in Rome and moved to Avignon, France due to France’s strength influence of the popes of the time. The results of this residency would affect both the church and all people in the surrounding areas. Not only that, but the effects lasted well on past the residency eventually leading to the Great Schism. In order to understand the effect of Avignon papacy it is important to understand why the papacy left Rome, what occurred during the residency in Avignon, how it led to the great Schism, and the implications that Avignon papacy would have on the church and state during this time period.
The issues with France began when Boniface III was elected pope after the untimely resignation of Pope Celestine V. According to The Story of Christianity Vol. 1 by Gonzalez, Celestine V was a very mild pope, with very simplistic rule and views. Boniface III on the other hand was more pretentious. Where Celestine V lacked confidence and power, Boniface made up for. Many were upset with Celestine’s resignation believing that it was Boniface who actually forced him to it. When Celestine died, many believed that Boniface was responsible for his death. Boniface’s election had more disdain than just the supporters of Celestine. The Colonna family in Italy was outraged by his election because they had hoped to secure the papacy for themselves. They were not a strong enemy towards ...


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...ned to Avignon, while Urban VI stayed in Rome. Immediately other monarchies were forced to choose sides. The Hundred’s Years War was taking place at this time. England and their allies typically sided with Urban VI in Rome while others chose the side of France. The split of schism did not end with the death of these two popes. Others were elected to fill both open positions. Although later many of these popes would not be considered official, their roles at the time were no less important. King Charles VI hoped to heal the divide through forcing the current popes to resign. The pope of Avignon at the time however held out to Charles wishes until political changes came. The cardinals would push to bring the papacy back together and fail. However reformation was upon the church which would bring back together what was currently broken (Gonzalez, pg. 403-405).

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