Essay about The Effect Of Aerobic Endurance On Endurance Training

Essay about The Effect Of Aerobic Endurance On Endurance Training

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“Aerobic endurance is the ability to sustain an aerobic effort over time, such as distance running or cycling” (Guth et al., 2013).Muscular endurance is one of the main fitness components that is very important in many sports, especially for those playing sports or activities that need to perform repetitive movement in a similar pattern for a prolonged period of time. Training for endurance can be simply any of the person’s favorite sports or activities such as walking, hiking, running, swimming and cycling. The maximum improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness are seen with exercise that involves large muscle groups (ACSM, 2000). Research by Morgan et al., 1971 suggests increased amount of mitochondria in human muscle fiber during endurance training. Since muscular endurance is closely related to high amount of mitochondria and also higher aerobic threshold. This system prevents the production of lactic acid which means an athlete can save a lot of energy. Capillaries are very high in oxygen, and the more aerobic respiration happen the more blood rush in to the muscle fibers and make them to appear red in colour (Figure 1) due to high content of myoglobin- an oxygen binding pigment in their sarcoplasm (Marieb et al., 2014).

Figure 1. Muscle fiber types in long distance runner and a sprinter.
Source: http://www.victoris.ugent.be/en/Projects/muscle%20talent%20scan/

Muscle Fiber Types:
In order to determine if a person is a better sprinter or distance runner, distinction between fast-twitch fibers and slow-twitch fiber is necessarily. Slow fibers do not generate as much force but are extremely resistant to fatigue as long as enough oxygen is present. Fast-twitch fibers depend on anaerobic pathw...


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...uncil. Active Healthy People: Fitness Theory Manual. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Fitness Council, n.d.Resistance Training Manual. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Fitness Council, n.d.

Marieb, E, Wilhelm, P, Mallatt, J (2014). Human Anatomy. United States: Pearson Education
Morgan, T. E., Cobb, L. A., Short, F. A., Ross, R. & Gunn, D. R. (1971). Effects of long-term exercise on human muscle mitochondria. In Muscle Metabolism During Exercise, vol. 11, ed. Pernow, B. & Saltin, B. New York: Plenum.
Oberg, Eric. (2007). Physical Activity Prescription: Our Best Medicine. Integrative Medicine. Vol. 6, No. 5

Rattray, F. (2000). Clinical Massage Therapy: Understanding Assessing and Treating Over 70 Conditions. Elora, Ontario: Talus.

Swain C, Redding E. Trunk muscle endurance and low back pain in female dance students.
J Dance Med Sci. 2014; 18(2):62-6. doi: 10.12678/1089-313X.18.2.62.


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