The Effect Of Acid Rain On Human Health Essay example

The Effect Of Acid Rain On Human Health Essay example

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Sulfates and nitrates that form in the atmosphere from sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides emissions contribute to visibility impairment, meaning we cannot see as far or as clearly through the air. Sulfate particles account for 50 to 70 percent of the visibility reduction in the eastern part of the U.S. Acid rain looks, feels, and tastes just like clean rain. The harm to people from acid rain is not direct. Walking in acid rain, or even swimming in an acid lake, is no more dangerous than walking or swimming in clean water. However, the pollutants that cause acid rain do damage human health. These gases interact in the atmosphere to form fine sulfate and nitrate particles that can be transported long distances by winds and inhaled deep into people 's lungs. Fine particles can also penetrate indoors. Many scientific studies have identified a relationship between elevated levels of fine particles and increased illness and premature death from heart and lung disorders, such as asthma and bronchitis.
Acid rain is measured using a scale called pH. The lower a substance 's pH, the more acidic it is. Acidic and basic are two extremes that describe chemicals, just like hot and cold are two extremes that describe temperature. Mixing acids and bases can cancel out their extreme effects; much like mixing hot and cold water can even out the water temperature. A substance that is neither acidic nor basic is neutral. The pH scale measures how acidic or basic a substance is. It ranges from 0 to 14. A pH of 7 is neutral. A pH less than 7 is acidic, and a pH greater than 7 is basic. Each whole pH value below 7 is ten times more acidic than the next higher value. Pure water has a pH of 7.0. However, normal rain is slightly acidic because carbon diox...


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...sh to remain in a lake, allowing the native population to survive in place until emissions reductions reduce the amount of acid deposition in the area. There is also many steps individuals can do to take action.
The smallest steps can make a large impact. Such as carpooling, or walking or biking whenever possible. Buying vehicles with low nitrogen oxide emissions and properly maintaining your vehicle can also help. Along with just staying informed on the causes and effect of acid rain and what is being done to stop it.
Acid rain is a serious problem, not only in the U.S., but around the world, as well. There are various different causes for it and many effects that it has on our environment. However, there are also many steps being taken by environmental groups, along with steps individuals can take, to try to eliminate this problem and lead to a better tomorrow.

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