Essay on Educational Stratification And Its Effect On Failure

Essay on Educational Stratification And Its Effect On Failure

Length: 905 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Milli Koch
SOC 308
Spring 2016
Critical Memo 2:
Educational Stratification and its Effect on Internalization of Failure

Many schools in countries across the globe use educational stratification to “track” students into different categories based on their academic performance. This can start as early as kindergarten, and while tracking may provide some benefit for students placed in the higher tracks, it’s possible that it serves as a huge obstacle for students placed on lower tracks as these students tend to consequently label themselves as “stupid” and believe that they do not have the same ability to succeed as other students. Early education in particular plays a large role in determining a child’s future academic performance. Students react to the expectations their teachers have for them so when a teacher sets lower expectations for a student, this can have a negative impact on their performance in school. In addition, stratification or lack thereof can determine which factors students attribute to educational failure and success. To assess the effectiveness (and potential harm) of tracking in schools, we must ask ourselves: Do students’ perceptions of their own intelligence affect their future achievements? In providing an answer for that question, I will use an article from the Sociology of Education journal which uses data from secondary schools in 24 countries.
The article, “Stratified Failure: Educational Stratification and Students’ Attributions of Their Mathematics Performance in 24 Countries” by Jonathan J.B. Mijs argues that students in stratified school environments are more likely to blame themselves for poor school performance and internalize failure, whereas students in non-stratified school environments vie...

... middle of paper ...

...’ perceptions of their own intelligence affects their future achievements. Evidently, if we wish to provide the best for our students, we should turn away from stratification and promote educational achievement for every student.
While some may argue that tracking in schools can be beneficial for high performing students, findings show that it causes students to internalize failure and discourages students in lower tracks from aiming to succeed. There is a mass of potential that is squandered when we stratify students and so it is crucial that the system be changed in order to allow all students the ability and motivation to succeed. To solve this problem we must alter learning environments so that students can correctly attribute academic performance to a multitude of factors and we must stop assigning students with labels which detract from their desire to learn.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Functions Of Social Stratification From The Point Of View Of Davis And Moore

- Functions of Social Stratification from the Point of View of Davis and Moore Social stratification is a system that societies use to rank members into organized and functioning groups. The way that the United States stratifies its members is by a class system. Upper, middle, and lower class are determined by the amount of money individuals have available to them for spending. Social class in America is a huge determinant of an individual’s quality of life. Education and training, or better yet the access to these, are what governs the amount of opportunity an individual has to make money and move up in social class....   [tags: Social class, Sociology, Working class]

Better Essays
2053 words (5.9 pages)

Social Stratification And Its Effects On Society Essay

- Social stratification refers to a system by which society ranks people into different categories of hierarchy. When ranking they take in account someone’s status, power and wealth. Social stratification comes naturally to society. It is universal in the fact it happens in most societies but it may differ. . Social stratification can be split into four different forms – slavery, estates, caste and class. The Slavery system is an extreme form of inequality to the point where some individuals are ‘owned’ by another individual which they class as their property....   [tags: Social class, Sociology, Social stratification]

Better Essays
2269 words (6.5 pages)

Social Stratification And Its Effect On Society Essay

- “If the rights and perquisites of different positions in a society must be unequal, then the society must be stratified, because that is precisely what stratification means” (pg. 243 Davis and Moore). The harsh reality that now twenty-five percent of the nations income and forty percent of the nations wealth is solely occupied by 1% of the population truly demonstrates stratification our society. Wealth is the total value of all assets and income is received on a regular basis. The fact that almost half of the nations wealth is occupied by only one percent of the population is mind-bogging....   [tags: Social stratification, Sociology, Social class]

Better Essays
1413 words (4 pages)

Social Stratification And The United States Essay

- Though the United States is home to many immigrants, controversy surrounds the issue of immigrants in the United States. The United States in a melting pot of various backgrounds and cultures, yet it is hard for all to merge into acceptance of one another. The first chapter of Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and class covers stratification, prejudice and discrimination, and inequality. First, the chapters cover stratification. According to “Social stratification refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy....   [tags: Sociology, Social stratification, United States]

Better Essays
840 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on Stratification Systems, Caste, And Class Systems

- Each society functions by separating groups by different stratification systems and that is the way, “society organizes itself so that individuals know their place or rank, also called their social position, in society.” (Larkin, 2015) By using stratification, it puts people into different positions that are all important but some offer more power and prestige than others. I will be looking into three types of stratification systems the slavery, caste, and class systems. Both the mobility of the system and how individuals are placed in the system....   [tags: Sociology, Social class, Social stratification]

Better Essays
711 words (2 pages)

Social Stratification : Social Class Stratification Essay

- Description of Social Stratification • Social class Social stratification is society’s categorization of different people into different groups based on socioeconomic statistics. Social class stratification is where a society divides two groups into two separate classes based on different accesses to resources and power. It exists in the United States by our nation’s extreme division of wealth, “. . . the wealthiest 160,000 families have as much as the poorest 145 million families.” (Matthews) Our federal tax code certainly notices the difference between these two groups, in a study examining the tax cuts in 2001 that would go on throughout 2010, “Some 54 percent of these two tax cuts will...   [tags: Sociology, Poverty, Education]

Better Essays
1618 words (4.6 pages)

Social Division And Social Stratification : Looking At Ethnicity And Class

- Anthias, F. (2001). The concept of ‘social division’ and theorising social stratification: Looking at ethnicity and class. In Sociology 35(4), 835-854. doi: 10.1177/0038038501035004003 • Social division is created in modern societies with the prominent characteristics of stratification such as class, gender and ethnicity. • Social division can create contradictory locations for some people in terms of their hierarchal rank. • Ethnic groups are created due to peoples’ country of origin, religion, colour of their skin and the language they speak....   [tags: Sociology, Social class, Social stratification]

Better Essays
1676 words (4.8 pages)

Why I Was A Failure Essay

- My parents was so happy to see me cleaned up. I cut the habits I was looking, feeling, and smelling good. They gave me a place to stay once again alsond a car because they were so proud of me withand the changes I had made. I was a failure because my mind-set was still the same deep down inside of me; and I was just looking for the opportunity to do what I wanted again— and that was to get high while and hanging out. That’s one of the main foolish reasons why I had come back home to Baltimore....   [tags: Failure, Success]

Better Essays
1113 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Failure And Failure Of Failure

- People usually afraid of failure because they tried to do something and failed, or took a risk and it didn’t pay off, or made a decision and it turned out to be the wrong one. That fear of failure create the stress and anxiety when people want to do something hard or try something new. Just because you tried something two or three time and failing does not mean the entire idea is a mistake. Do you expect to get a Blackjack on every game that you played. That would be an impossible thing to do. There is no success that comes without failure, where failure is experiences and lessons that help you to perfect your works....   [tags: Failure, Success, Basketball]

Better Essays
772 words (2.2 pages)

Educational Leadership Essay

- Introduction Schools in the modern twenty first century have become the epicenter for the transformation of culture’s within a community and have impact for with decades of influence in how a local society progress’ to higher levels. The result of creating educational leadership through transforming school culture is a process that needs the cooperation and collaborative effort by all those involved (Green, 2013). To progressively preserve the future of our communities and be competitive in our world economy, the effectiveness of teaching the next generation has become a national priority....   [tags: educational leaders, transforming culture]

Better Essays
1945 words (5.6 pages)