“In 2002, Afghanistan launched a campaign called, “Back to School” (Trani, Jean-Francois, Bakhshi, P. and Nandipati, A., 2012, p. 346). Article 43 of the Afghan Constitution and Article 4 of the Education Law state that a free education is to be provided for all Afghan children (Miriam D., Sletmo, E., Hauschild, Alexander T., Tahir, M. Rafique, 2009, pg. 16). The 2004 Constitution guaranteed all children equal right to access quality education. Afghanistan’s Education Law, adopted in 2008, reaffirmed that all children have an equal right to access quality education (Miriam et al., 2009, pg. 9).
The political and economic issues that effect special education
Afghanistan is going through political reform and social and economic changes which will have a profound impact on their future. Afghanistan has a long history of conflict. Over the past 20 years, the capital city of Kabul has seen some of the most violent fighting. For years, the education system has been manipulated for political purposes. Many parts of Afghanistan are still affected by conflict and war. “Threats from insurgents have resulted in the closing of more ...
... middle of paper ...
...uitable educational system has been slow in Afghanistan. Children, who are affected by conflict and political strife, are the ones most likely to be deprived of adequate education. The Afghan government has not been very successful in providing an equal education for all children. A large number of children still do not have access to education. Children with disabilities have very few opportunities. They remain excluded from the education system (Miriam et al., 2009, p. 7). The need for education is greater than the existing and available resources (Zoy, 2009, p. 11). Lack of security and social injustice; lack of physical accessibility; inadequate resources; parents’ low expectations; negative attitudes; socio- cultural barriers; are all reasons that are preventing children with disabilities from having access to, attending and completing their education.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Afghanistan There are many barriers that have affected the educational system in Afghanistan. Afghanistan has had constant instability since 1979. The political, social, cultural and security situation has greatly impacted the development of education in Afghanistan. In some parts of the country the development of education has been extremely restricted due to insecurity. Religious beliefs and societal differences have also influenced the progress of the education system. China Although inclusion has improved the access to education for children with disabilities in in China, many are still not receiving a fully inclusive education.... [tags: Education, Educational psychology, United States]
1319 words (3.8 pages)
- Did you know Afghanistan’s education system is one of the weakest in the world. In 1996 a Muslim fundamentalist group, known as the Taliban, ruled the country (Mohammed, 2) which had a huge impact on education. Although both males and females education were effected, less females were attending school during this time. Within the area of Afghanistan, the schools and education have been considered a fundamental part of the past, present and every culture (Fabrizio). Afghanistan’s education system has struggled due to various conflicts as organizations from around the world have contributed to the improvement and quality of education throughout the region that has had a lasting impact on the A... [tags: Taliban, culture, Muslim]
1157 words (3.3 pages)
- Why is Afghanistan not a developed country, where it was the crossroad of great empires Alexander the great, Persian empire, Genghis khan, British, Soviet Union empires. Afghanistan is a country with really complex history, which is located in southern Asia and it is often called the cross road of central Asia. The country is made up of different ethnic of people who are speaking different languages. Afghanistan occupied by British and Soviet armies. The Soviet Union and British empires sent more than thousands of their troops and immediately took political and military control.... [tags: war, poverty, education, recovering]
988 words (2.8 pages)
- If I say Afghanistan, then what do some people will reflect about Afghanistan. The answer is obvious that most of people will think about blood, combat and destroyed places. It is fact that Afghanistan is not a developed country, but still people can see some obvious progress in Afghanistan. Afghanistan has been under the governor of many countries for thirty years. At first British come to Afghanistan in order to colonize India then Russia came in Afghanistan for the same purpose, and finally Taliban came and made Afghanistan ground of war.... [tags: taliban, russia, social development]
1712 words (4.9 pages)
- If I become the president of Afghanistan Security is the only phenomenon, which brings prosperity in a society. In a war-affected country like Afghanistan, without peace we cannot ensure economic growth, employment, education, and live a comfortable life. Afghanistan has a strategic geopolitical location in the region. Looking back to the history it is a country suffered decades of civil war that deteriorated every system of the government. Afghanistan is not lost but has been backward for many years.... [tags: World Politics]
742 words (2.1 pages)
- Afghanistan is a nation country very different images to different people. If I call out the name of Afghanistan anywhere, how would some people think about this country. The reply is obvious that most of the people will think about bloodsheds, combats, and a completely destroyed land. It is a fact that Afghanistan is not a developed country or even hardly a developed nation, but still there are a few people who can see some obvious progress in Afghanistan. It is a country which has gone under the invention and destruction of so many other foreign countries for over three decades.... [tags: Economic Development]
1889 words (5.4 pages)
- Afghanistan is a country which has been affected by violence against education and schools. This violence anti-education prevents almost five million Afghan children from attending school and receiving a proper education necessary for leading a decent life. In order to improve the children’s situation and education a group of women started an organization called the Afghan Institute of Learning, or AIL in 1995. The organization focuses on providing full educational, health, and economic opportunities to the Afghan society.... [tags: Afghanistan, Taliban, Afghan refugees, Pakistan]
999 words (2.9 pages)
- Afghanistan BACKGROUND: Afghanistan was subdued and occupied by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (U.S.S.R. i.e. Russia) in 1979. Subsequently in ten years, anti-communist forces provided and trained by the United States, Saudi Arabia, and Pakistan assisted in the removal of the Soviet power. As the fighting resumed, a fundamentalist Islamic movement referred to as the Taliban managed to seize most of the country. Under their ascendancy, the country of Afghanistan became extremely improvished and suffered from a fallen governmental infrastructure.... [tags: essays research papers]
1161 words (3.3 pages)
- Hunger and malnutrition have a negative impact on health of people, especially children. Undernourished children with their growths lacking physical and mental capabilities are less effective and have low earnings. The current situation in Afghanistan is dramatic, as nearly a third of the population, about 7.4 million people, can’t get constant access to food (Pauli 2007/8). One of the solutions for this problem is supporting female population by providing them with specific knowledge in field of agriculture.... [tags: agriculture, women, health, farming, food]
926 words (2.6 pages)
- Afghanistan International students travel all over the world to study different lands education systems. Many of them come here to the United States of America, the land of opportunity. Many of them believe that if they come here they will have a better chance of doing what they have always wanted to do. I was given an assignment by my teacher to interview an international student I got their input on what it is like to be an international student here in the United States of America. I met Sameer, my international student, through some high school friends that go to the same college as him in Tennessee.... [tags: Essays Papers]
2356 words (6.7 pages)