Edmund Husserl’s The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology

Edmund Husserl’s The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology

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Philosopher Edmund Husserl’s book, The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology, raised several concepts and ideas throughout the history of philosophy. The purpose of this essay is to explore and analyze ideas in two of Husserl’s specific themes: The Life-World and the World of Science and The Origin of Geometry. Another purpose is to try to establish, if possible, any connections or compatibilities between the two themes, or ideas within the two themes.
Part One- The Life-World: The life-world, simply put, is the world as experienced in everyday life. This, however, needs more clarification. The word “as” is important because it refers to a structure or horizon. It is the horizon of everything that a living person experiences. The word “horizon” refers to a background meaning; it is the background of everyday human experiences, such as perceiving, thinking, or performing an action. In order have a better understanding on Husserl’s view of the life-world, it would be helpful to examine the theory of intentionality first. Intentionality helps us better understand a mental state of mind; it is what a mental state of mind is about. Here is a basic framework: A person is thinking about a blue car. That person is the subject of consciousness. That person has an image in his head of the blue car, which is an act of consciousness. The thought of the blue car has a content of consciousness and meaning. Meanwhile, that person is alive and exists in this world (under the horizon) and he is thinking about an object (also under the horizon). The actual physical blue car is the object of consciousness. This can be applied to ideal objects also, but that will be discussed later, in the Origin of Geometry. The point here...

... middle of paper ...

...ideal because a meaning is not a concrete object.
Although Husserl’s concepts, discussed in the Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology, may very well be debatable in the eyes of several philosophers all throughout history, Husserl does raise interesting points. The idea of intentionality and the life-world can be useful in learning about, and knowing, certain features of the world, which are physical. In my view, The Origin of Geometry, is important and relevant to the life-world and intentionality because it can help clarify philosophical topics in a non-physical context. At least, that is my personal interpretation.

Work Cited
Husserl, Edmund. The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology. Translated by David Carr. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1970.

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