Essay on Ecosystems And Human Well Being : Synthesis

Essay on Ecosystems And Human Well Being : Synthesis

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Ecosystem is best defined in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) (2005) Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Synthesis. Island Press, Washington page 40 as the collection of interrelated things that work or reside within in one area and that carry immediate impact in changes of one to another, within the environment as a whole. Moreover it goes on to add that Ecosystem services as benefits people obtain from ecosystems and distinguishes four categories of ecosystem services. What are services? These are the benefits that are provided by the ecosystems in the way of making the provision of good. For example, the service of regulation of air is followed by the provision of oxygen by the ecosystem. A specific example being that of forest ecosystems, humans derive a number of goods and services from the ecosystem as will be listed in this writing.

In layman’s language, one could say only that forest help in the stabilization of the climate in general but geographer would meaning the same context say, through what is known as water economy, plants absorb, redistribute rainwater equally proportional among all the species living within the range of the ecosystem. Along the point of climate stability, forests have less water lost through evapotranspiration compared to let’s say the desert ecosystem because the floors of the forest are covered in humus and different habitats of the forest floor therefore water is retained within the floor and there is no room at all for the water to evapotranspirate. This then helps humans in that, there is readily available supply of fresh water from the forest, and there is also stability in the climate of that area.

Moreover, Shiklomanov 1993 (in Ecosystem Services: Benefits Supplied to Human Societ...


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... that some people get to appreciate nature a lot just by being in the forest ecosystem engaging in activities such as hiking, camping and also source of inspiration for artist such as paint artist and poets just to mention a few and they then come up with brilliant ideas. “For art is nature and nature is an art that we as human will never understand. Therefore for great ideas as a painter a hike into Harare botanic gardens (typical model of a forest ecosystem) gets my brain to the point each time and ideas start to flow in influxes.” (Keith Masawi 2015 Independent Picture Painting Artist).

In conclusion, forest ecosystems benefits humans by supporting services, provision services, cultural services and regulating services. Of which all of these are the basis of human life. Their absents is catastrophic as it leads to complete failure of the human life and survival.

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