The Economic, Social, And Political Reasons For Colonization

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Created in the 1820s by the American Colonization Society, Liberia is country that was “founded,” by freed slaves and free Black from the United States. Several factors led to the initial support of colonization in this nation and clergy, merchants, and slaveholder’s established the national organization to send over four-thousand Blacks to the West Coast of Africa. In this essay I will delve into the economic, social, and political reasons for colonization in Liberia. Support for colonization and the desire to remove freed slaves and free Blacks emerged within the institution of enslavement. In the eighteenth century, slavery was a regularized business in which European merchants, African traders, and American planters engaged in complex bargaining over human lives, all with a purpose of securing a profit (Foner, GML, 131). Slave plantations greatly contributed to massive economic development in the New World. The first mass consumer goods in international trade were produced by slaves, and include items such as sugar, tobacco, rice and coffee (Foner, GML, 132). The high and constant demand for these products quickly fueled the rapid growth of the Atlantic Slave Trade (Foner, GML, 132). The transatlantic slave trade made Africa a major market for European goods. Cheap imported textiles undermined traditional craft production, while guns encouraged the further growth of slavery, since the only way obtain European weapons was to supply slaves (Foner, GML, 134). Upon being purchased slaves immediately experienced the foundations of enslavement in the modern Atlantic World which began in the 1500’s and concluded in 1888, with Brazil the last country to abolish chattel enslavement. Chattel enslavement is not only a life long slaver... ... middle of paper ... ...hostility to slavery was “day-to-day resistance” or silent sabotage (Foner,GML,424). Such resistance included but was not limited to performing poor work ethic, breaking tools, abusing animals, poising masters and eventually leading up to armed assaults. These actions posed a constant challenge to slave holders’ self image as being paternalists and their belief that slaves were obedient subjects grateful for their owners’ care (Foner,GML,424). Hunger and thirst for freedom inhabited slaves bestowing courage to do whatever it took to be free men and women. Although silent sabotage played a big role to slave rebellions, fugitive slaves threatened the stability of the slave system. Slaves used every opportunity they found to runaway. Thousands of slaves gained their freedom by running away to British lines during the war of Independence and War of 1812 (Foner,GML,425).

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