Economic growth is one of the prime indicators of a country’s development success. To understand which factors would potentially accelerate its rate of expansion or hinder it is imperative. Technological innovation and labor specialization promoted by trade liberalization are two major positive forces of economic growth. The worldwide spread of technology has fostered unprecedented advances in quality life that both enhanced people’s productivity and increased countries’ production capacity This increase in a country’s production capacity will directly result in an immediate increase in GDP levels; thus, the country will exhibit economic growth. (Kenny, p. XX). Labor specialization emerges from the assumption that each country possesses a comparative advantage for the production, manufacturing or supply of certain goods and services. Labor specialization generally arises from trade liberalization and usually propels a country’s economic efficiency. An increase in economic efficiency, in theory, w...
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...nment, and investment in technology innovation are three strategies could be used in order to improve economic growth in countries that are lagging behind. Panama’s exceptionally economic performance have shown that a careful implementation of these three strategies will potentially increase the export of goods and services, the level of foreign direct investment, literacy rates, and decrease poverty headcount ratios. In the other hand, Nicaragua’s experience helps us understand how essential it is for countries to move away from an agricultural-based economic and toward a manufacturing/service-providing economy in order to truly enhance sustainable economic growth. Through an increase in technology innovation, countries such as Nicargua could potentially increases yields in agricultural productions and propel manufacturing and service providing businesses.
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