China, ever since the end of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937 and various civil wars, was a fairly poor nation without much stable infrastructure. When Mao Zedong and his Communist Party came into power to rebuild the nation, one of the first changes he made was to introduce land ownership reforms (Kerry 39). But also, both monetary and technical aid from the Soviet Union was key in China’s restoration to an economic power (Kerry 39). The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) also made national education a priority, as well as other aspects such as social welfare, national defense, and strong policies (Kerry 40). However, Mao’s rule was not all with good end, as his ambitious Great Leap Forward to rapidly develop China’s economic production to become a global superpower resulted in a horrible turn. T...
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...d and whether they were considered an agricultural (rural) or non-agricultural (urban) household (Jacka, Kipnis, Sargeson 66). This created a social division, where low-class or rural workers can be taken advantage of with relative ease by the urban class. Many believed that removal of the hukou was important in order to promote China into a further phase of economic advancement (Zweig 261). However, Deng Xiaoping’s rule, much like Mao’s, was not all perfect. The Tiananmen Square protests in 1989, started by students to expose China’s corrupt and bad leadership aspects, was marked by the fact that Deng used military suppression on its citizens to subdue the protests. Although Deng is remembered for his drastic economic developments to resolve the widespread poverty in his time, the incident that “he had allowed live bullets to be used on unarmed students” (Kerry 50).
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