Economic Developments Of China And South Korea Essay

Economic Developments Of China And South Korea Essay

Length: 740 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Two of some of the strongest economic nations in Eastern Asia today, China and South Korea, have both undergone tremendous economic development since the 1950s to become what they are today. The key factors of this transformation have been authoritarian leaders and government who were strong in boosting the economy, but often in controversial ways that were quite undemocratic. The foremost authoritarian leaders in China were Mao Zedong, Den Xiaoping, Hu Jintao, and Wen Jiabao, while in Korea were mainly Park Chung-hee. Although these leaders ruled in similar ways, their conditions, policies, routes they took, and the consequences were all very different. An analysis of the economic developments of China and South Korea, along with the successful democratization of Korea reveals that China is still far from becoming a democratic state because China is already such a powerful nation and has had a different historical background than Korea.
China, ever since the end of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937 and various civil wars, was a fairly poor nation without much stable infrastructure. When Mao Zedong and his Communist Party came into power to rebuild the nation, one of the first changes he made was to introduce land ownership reforms (Kerry 39). But also, both monetary and technical aid from the Soviet Union was key in China’s restoration to an economic power (Kerry 39). The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) also made national education a priority, as well as other aspects such as social welfare, national defense, and strong policies (Kerry 40). However, Mao’s rule was not all with good end, as his ambitious Great Leap Forward to rapidly develop China’s economic production to become a global superpower resulted in a horrible turn. T...

... middle of paper ...

...d and whether they were considered an agricultural (rural) or non-agricultural (urban) household (Jacka, Kipnis, Sargeson 66). This created a social division, where low-class or rural workers can be taken advantage of with relative ease by the urban class. Many believed that removal of the hukou was important in order to promote China into a further phase of economic advancement (Zweig 261). However, Deng Xiaoping’s rule, much like Mao’s, was not all perfect. The Tiananmen Square protests in 1989, started by students to expose China’s corrupt and bad leadership aspects, was marked by the fact that Deng used military suppression on its citizens to subdue the protests. Although Deng is remembered for his drastic economic developments to resolve the widespread poverty in his time, the incident that “he had allowed live bullets to be used on unarmed students” (Kerry 50).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on North Korea And Nuclear Weapons

- The derisive and dismissive attitudes of America and the UN regarding North Korea and Kim Jong Un combined with the imprudent beliefs by North Korea that nuclear weapons are the only way to achieve respect and sovereignty are key elements to the nuclear escalation in the region. The ideology differences between a socialist society and a democratic society taking over the after effects of the imperialism conquest of Korea by Japan are underscored in the polarized perceptions of today. After World War II, the region was stabilized between the two ideologies by allowing the US to control South Korea and instill its version of democratic society while China and Russia ruled the North with their...   [tags: North Korea, South Korea, Kim Il-sung, Kim Jong-il]

Better Essays
1464 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on The Political Issues Of North Korea

- The six-party talk consists of the six-formal government which are China, Japan, Russia, South Korea, North Korea, and the United States who, in fact, have been challenged while some of the countries had to make several compromises to further protect what is right in their own interests. Furthermore, the political issues that arise from North Korea’s radical actions are a matter of great importance, thus they should be discussed by the major countries affect by their nuclear weapons plan. A six-party talk would be the most democratic way of releasing tensions without use of military actions in the international communities....   [tags: World War II, Nuclear weapon, North Korea]

Better Essays
979 words (2.8 pages)

Korean War: Roles of China and Soviet Union Essay

- The Second World War was coming to an end with the surrender of Germany in May 1945. At the Potsdam Conference, the leaders of the Allied states came together to determine the postwar order of Europe and took decisions on the strategies of the ongoing war in the Pacific. Despite the repeated Allies demand for the surrender of its forces, Japan maintained fighting against the Allies. This situation left no more choice to the United States other than using atomic bomb to break the Japanese resistance and provide its surrender....   [tags: communism, Korea, United States, Soviet Union]

Better Essays
2639 words (7.5 pages)

Essay about Korea: History, Geography Culture and Food Patterns

- Korea: History, Geography Culture, and Food Patterns   Korea is a highly discussed nation because of its delicious food, viral pop music, political unrest within northern half of the nation, and its rapid development in the past 60 years. Overall, the Republic of Korea is a very developed nation that still holds onto its traditional roots and practices. Korean food is extremely varied and is known for its signature red pepper spice. Korea is a very complex nation that has been shaped by its complex history and influence from all of the military invasions that have captured and recaptured the country....   [tags: far Eastern countries]

Better Essays
1733 words (5 pages)

Chapter 13 Of Patterns Of World History Essay

- The developments in Chapter 13 of Patterns of World History: Volume One: to 1600, spanned the religious civilizations of Korea, Vietnam in Japan whose cultures were greatly influenced by China. First, Korea and China exchanged farming and government techniques as well as the spread of Buddhism. Second, the revolt of the Trung sisters revealed the limited influence Han China had over Vietnam. Lastly, Zen Buddhism’s doctrines appealed to the Samurai class in Japan who followed the strict discipline of Bushido....   [tags: Han Dynasty, China, Korea, Han Chinese]

Better Essays
1084 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on North Korea And South Korea

- Since their split with the South in 1945 North Korea has become increasingly isolated and has remained the greatest source of instability in the region. Labeled an axis of evil by the US, North Korea continues to alienate themselves from the international community through numerous antics. First, following their withdrawal from the non-proliferation treaty in 2003, North Korea undertook three nuclear tests in 2006, 2009, and 2013, and has now collected a nuclear arsenal despite the world’s clear message forbidding this very thing ....   [tags: North Korea, South Korea, Korea, Korean War]

Better Essays
1068 words (3.1 pages)

The Ratification Of Free Trade Agreement Between China And South Korea Essay

- High market integration, meaning free flow of factors of production between markets, causes economic prosperity and creates automatic adjusted balanced economy (Mundell,1961). During the Chinese economy reformation in 1978, South Korea became an example of successful economic development due to its extreme fast pace economic development. For South Korea, 1.3billion population of China was a breadbasket, promising South Korea’s high economic growth and a future economic prosperity. As a result, relationship for mutual benefit started between China and South Korea and lead to high integration of economy and mobilization of factors of production between South Korea and China has been well devel...   [tags: Economics, Economy, South Korea, Korea]

Better Essays
729 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about South Korea, Educational Development And Economic Reform

- One way to assign a level of importance to a state 's interests and assess threats is to evaluate the scope of those items on a timeline. In the case of South Korea, educational development and economic reform are both interests to be addressed on a structural level over time as are corresponding threats that have developed in the existing political, structural, and social climates. Decline in individual health resulting from educational structure and regional economic competition both lie on a similar long-term scale, meaning time will be necessary for results to demonstrate whether a solution will prove beneficial in regards to South Korea 's longevity....   [tags: North Korea, South Korea, Korean War, Korea]

Better Essays
1127 words (3.2 pages)

The Culture Of South Korea Essay

- This paper is going to examine the culture of South Korea. It will discuss the political standing of the country as it pertains to the rest of the world. This paper also will see how that South Korea has entered into agreements with other countries to learn and teach military superiority. It will look at the decline and rapid growth of South Korea’s economy. Finally it will discuss the social stratification of the people summing up why the country is the way it is today. South Korea, the land of the morning calm....   [tags: South Korea, Korea, Korean War, North Korea]

Better Essays
1239 words (3.5 pages)

South Korea Sociocultural Report Essay

- South Korea Sociocultural Report South Korea is a country in East Asia, on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula. To the north, it is bordered by North Korea, with which it was united until 1945 (Oberdorfer, 1997).To the west, across the Yellow Sea, lies China, and to the southeast, across the Korea Strait, lies Japan. By far the largest city is the capital, Seoul; approximately one-third of the country’s population lives in or near the capital (Cordesman, 2002).The population is overwhelmingly ethnic Korean; roughly half are non-religious, with the remainder divi...   [tags: South Korea Culture]

Free Essays
901 words (2.6 pages)