As important as a strong economy is, religion is also an important factor in shaping complex societies. The inhabitants of this ancient city show influence from complex societies because complex societies often have religious practices. Religion is often used as a way to explain the unexplainable, an escape, a way to live an ethical life, etc. From examining the Temple of Aphrodite, the Basilica church, and the Bishop’s Palace, it can be concluded that there are several forms of religion existing in the ancient city: polytheism (Roman gods), Christianity, and Ishtar. Based on the inscriptional evidence of Zoilos paying for the temple of Aphrodite, this contributes to the values of the inhabitants. During the reign of Zoilos, the inhabitants of the ancient city worshipped polytheism (Roman gods), which is evident in the temple of Aphrodite.
Furthermore, the ancient city also consists of Christianity. Based on the Basilica church and the Bishop’s Palace, Christianity was popular amongst the city. Christianity as a widespread religion should be noted...
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... to join the Roman force. Caesar is attempting to take a peaceful approach and at the same time expand the Roman force. This cultural contact between the two cultures unravels the importance of a peaceful approach, which allows for the benefit of both sides as the ancient city inhabitants assimilate into the Roman lifestyle.
After examining the social, cultural, political, economic, artistic, and religious aspects of the ancient city, one can conclude that there is much more to a society than it appears. Through the analytical process of identifying each of the structures presented, the ancient city unraveled and the values of the inhabitants and the influence from complex societies showed the role it portrayed in significant historical events during the 5th century B.C.E. to the 5th century C.E. Clearly, there is more to the ancient city than what meets the eyes.
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