One time or another most of us has had a cold or the flu. These are caused by viruses. Viruses are minor infectious agents that replicates only inside living cells of other organisms.1 Unlike human cells or bacteria, viruses do not have enough chemical mechanisms (enzymes) to carry out chemical feedback in life. Instead, viruses carry about one or two enzymes that interpret their genetic instructions. Therefore, a virus must have a host cell in which to survive, replicate, and produce more viruses. Without a host cell, a virus cannot function. For this reason, viruses tread the line that separates nonliving and living organisms. Many scientists agree that viruses are living because of what happens when they infect the host cell.1 The flu or the common cold viruses are not as harmful as the Ebola and Herpes virus. Bacteria on the other hand, are a type of living, single cell microorganisms. There are plenty of non-harmful bacteria in the environment, but bacteria like Yersinia pestis(Bubonic plague), which can be really deadly and dangerous. Unlike viruses, bacteria do not need a host cell, they are independent and can reproduce without an exterior body. Even though viruses and bacteria may seem similar to a regular person, they are widely different in so many ways, including their cellular and molecular structures, treatments, and how it interacts with its host. This paper I will discuss the above in detail.
Ebola is a very aggressive pathogen that cause(s) a lethal hemorrhagic fever syndrome in human and nonhuman primates.2The virus can be classified in the subfamily of the Filoviridae. The Ebola fever is a group of five virus, which possess a negative sense single stranded RNA genomes. The structure of ...
... middle of paper ...
..., Ebola Virus January 2003 Available from: https://www.bcm.edu/departments/molecular-virology-a, , Ebola Virus avoids Immune SystemJanuary 2009 Available from: http://www.uphs.upenn.edu/news/News_Releases/2009/01/tetherin-ebola.html (Accessed March 2013 ).nd-microbiology/ebola (Accessed January 2013 ).
4. , , Yersinia Pestis January 2007 Available from: http://www.fas.org/programs/bio/factsheets/plaguefs.html (Accessed January 2013 ).
5. , , Black Death January 2013 Available from: Saylor.org (Accessed March 2013 ).
6. Stenseth, N, Plague:Past, Present, and FutureJanuary 2008 Available from: http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pmed.0050003 (Accessed January 2013 ).
7. Nordqvist, C, What is Herpes?What is genital herpes?May 2009 Available from: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/151739.php (Accessed January 2013 ).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Ebola hemorrahagic fever is a 20 year old virus that, with a mortality rate of 50% to 90%, is one of the world's deadliest viruses. Its causative organism is called Ebola virus. Ebola virus is a member of filoviridae, a family of negative-strained RNA viruses. The filoviridae family consists of five known members, Marburg, Ebola Zaire, Ebola Sudan, Ebola Reston, and Ebola Tai. Ebola virus is spread in a number of ways. An outbreak starts when an infected animal or insect, called a vector, transmits the virus to a human.... [tags: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (Ebola HF)]
1320 words (3.8 pages)
- "You have to admire its simplicity. It's one billionth our size and it's beating us." - - Spoken by Colonel Sam Daniels, a character in the fictional movie about Ebola, Outbreak. The Ebola virus is the most feared virus of our time. What exactly is Ebola. Ebola is a viral hemorrhagic fever actually named after the River Ebola in Zaire, Africa, where it was first discovered. It belongs to a genus of ribonucleic viruses called filoviruses, under the family Filofiridae, which are characterized by their filament-like (thread-like) appearance with a little hook or loop at the end.... [tags: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (Ebola HF)]
2800 words (8 pages)
- The Ebola Virus 10 out of 10 people infected with it will die with die with it. It is airborne. It is 100 times more contagious than AIDS. It has no known origin, vaccination or cure. It kills you in such a way that even highly trained professionals get sick from just hearing about the effects. It is real and it has started its attack on the human race. Mrs. Landau and fellow classmates. The symptoms I have just described to you are real. These are symptoms to a real and fatal virus. The virus's name is Ebola and it has started its burn into our society.... [tags: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (Ebola HF)]
464 words (1.3 pages)
- The Ebola Virus is an extremely deadly virus found in Africa. There have been multiple outbreaks across Africa and one in the United States. The Ebola virus basically causes uncontrollable bleeding externally and internally. Then your organs become liquefied. This usually results in death(www.encyclopedia.com). The following report contains info on the characteristics and history of the Ebola Virus. After being infected with the Ebola virus it takes 2-21 days to take effect. It depends if you had a direct infection, such as a hypodermic needle or a syringe, or a less direct infection, such as close contact(www.lfc.edu/`musilam/bio3.html 3).... [tags: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever]
1216 words (3.5 pages)
- The Ebola Haemorrahagic Fever, or Ebola for short, was first recognized as a virus in 1967. The first breakout that caused the Ebola virus to be recognized was in Zaire with 318 people infected and 280 killed. There are five subtypes of the Ebola virus, but only four of them affect humans. There are the Ebola-Zaire, Ebola-Sudan, Ebola-Ivory Coast and the Ebola-Bundibugyo. The fifth one, the Ebola-Reston, only affects nonhuman primates. The Ebola-Zaire was recognized on August 26, 1976 with a 44 year old schoolteacher as the first reported case.... [tags: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever 2014]
950 words (2.7 pages)
- Normally infecting fruit bats, the Ebola virus found a mutation allowing it to spread to humans. This virus is an acute and often fatal illness. This virus first erupted in two outbreaks in 1976 (one occurring in Nzara and Sudan, while the other occurred in a village near the Ebola river, where the virus takes its name.) The current outbreak, starting in West Africa with the potential to spread throughout the world, is larger and more complex than previous outbreaks. This virus has caused more deaths than all other past Ebola outbreaks combined.... [tags: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever 2014]
570 words (1.6 pages)
- I chose to do my report of the Ebola Virus. Ebola hemorrhagic fever, also know as Ebola HF, is not a common disease. However, this disease is severe and often fatal in humans and also primates such as monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees. Up until 2014, there were only four reported sporadic outbreaks in humans since Ebola was initially recognized in 1976. The first recorded outbreak of the Zaire string of the Ebola virus was in Zaire in the year 1976. Doctors didn’t know how to treat it, that also means they didn’t know how to contain it.... [tags: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever]
890 words (2.5 pages)
- The Ebola virus was discovered in 1976. It has four strains, each from a different geographic area, but all give their victims the same painful, often lethal symptoms. The Ebola virus and Marburg virus are the two known members of the Filovirus family. Marburg is a relative of the Ebola virus. The four strains of Ebola are Ebola Zaire, Ebola Sudan, Ebola Reston, and Ebola Tai. Each one is named after the location where it was discovered. These filoviruses cause hemorrhagic fever, which is actually what kills victims of the Ebola virus.... [tags: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever]
797 words (2.3 pages)
- The Ebola Virus INTRODUCTION The most deadly killers on this earth are too small to see with the naked eye. These microscopic predators are viruses. In my report, I will answer many basic questions concerning one of the fastest killing viruses, the Ebola virus. Questions such as "How does it infect its victims?", "How are Ebola victims treated?", "How are Ebola outbreaks controlled?" and many others related to this deadly virus. GENERAL INFORMATION The Ebola virus is a member of the negative stranded RNA viruses known as filoviruses.... [tags: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever]
1613 words (4.6 pages)
- In the year 1976, Ebola climbed out of its unknown hiding place, and caused the death of 340 people. Fear gripped the victims' faces, and uncertainty tortured their minds. The people of Zaire waited outside clinics, churches and in their homes for a treatment of the horrible disease, but there was no cure. They were forced to watch people die, hoping that they would be saved from the violent death of the Ebola virus. From the year of 1976 to the present date of 1996, researchers have searched for origin and cure of the virus.... [tags: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever]
1207 words (3.4 pages)