Ebola And Aids Epidemic Of Africa Essay

Ebola And Aids Epidemic Of Africa Essay

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Ebola and Aids Epidemic in Africa
Aids also known as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). In the article, The History of Aids in Africa, Ian Thomas stated that “A 10-year study completed in 2005 found a strain of Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV) in a number of chimpanzee colonies in south-east Cameroon that was a viral ancestor of the HIV-1 that causes AIDS in humans”. This implies HIV/ Aids can be said to come from Africa since it is discovered in animals in Africa. The study of the human blood in Biology explained that the white blood cells fight any bacteria and virus that get into the body with the help of the antibodies. However, the HIV virus cannot be destroyed by the antibodies in the white blood cells of the blood (About HIV/AIDS, 2016). Therefore, once a person is infected by the virus it stays in the blood cells for the person’s lifetime. The article, How Do You Get HIV Or AIDS, explains that “HIV resides in the body fluids of humans, hence it is transmitted through certain body fluids like blood, semen (cum), pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum), rectal fluid, vagina fluid, and breast milk”. This indicates that some of the major ways of transmission of HIV is by having unprotected sex with someone infected with the virus. HIV can also be transmitted through the sharing of sharp objects like needles and scissors and through the transfusion of unscreened blood. Another way of transmission is from mother to child before or during delivery. It can also be transmitted from mother to child during breastfeeding. Medical laboratory personnel and other people who work with patients’ blood can also be infected if they do not handle the blood samples carefully. Some people believed that HI...

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...ducating the society on their mode of transmission. In the case of Ebola, good hygiene is the most effective form of preventing the disease, while HIV/AIDS can be prevented and if possible eradicated through the practice of safe sex using condom and by keeping sharing of sharp objects to the minimum. Although people reaction was negative at the onsets of these diseases, people are more accommodating to infected people because of the various educative programs designed by government and non-governmental organizations on the diseases. Also, infected doctors should be brought back to the United States of America and provided with the best medical treatment. This is because they were providing quality medical services in countries where there no or limited qualified medical personnel. Also, they have family members who love them and need them alive too.

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