Climate change can open new territories in which species would normally not be able to occupy. As a result of climate change, invasive species are being found in areas where they would normally not be able to survive (Hellmann et al., 2008). The warming temperatures and the subsequent change in habitats can also potentially affect the range of many species. Butterflies that live in colder climates in the UK have been increasingly forced northward (Franco, 2006). Freshwater fish habitats are projected to shift north up streams in North America (Mohseni et al. 2003). This suggests that warming temperatures are having effects on animal’s habitat range.
Birds are a common species to examine the effects of environmental change on the species' range. Birds are potentially vulnerable to temperature change with effects including laying their eggs earlier and changing their migratory patterns (Both et al., 2004, Sparks 1999). For temperature sensitive birds the change in temperature has the potential to force them to move into more northerly habitats. If more northerly habitats are getting warmer, the species that live in more southerly climates should shift in the direction of the warming temperatures. The problem that arises when examining the changes in range is identifying the range of the bird.
Tracking birds across time requires large ...
... middle of paper ...
...t suggests that the range is not possible to count
Citizen science remains an important means to investigate changes in patterns. With the relatively large corpus of data that comes with eBird and if it remains roughly accurate, then ebird deserves more consideration as a useful tool for uncovering trends that were not necessarily become identifiable through normal means. The results of this study are close enough in the overall trends of the northward maximum range that it imitates the findings of Munson et al. (2010) that eBird is similarly accurate to BBS. The use of eBird potentially allows one to track the different birds across the years which potentially allows one to examine further data about the birds range outside of the breeding season. The additional data that is provided will allow a better understanding of how climate change influences avian species.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction The economics of white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, management is comprised of multiple facets. Deer herd health and population regulation are central to the economics of most deer management plans. The local white-tailed deer populations directly impact human welfare economics. The management of deer populations heavily affects agriculture, forestry, landscaping, and natural vegetation. Recreational services are another economic source realized from the management of white-tailed deer.... [tags: Population Control]
1646 words (4.7 pages)
- The environment is shifting every day. The destruction to the environment is developing at a hazardous scale, mainly due to human activities, industries and corporations. It’s interesting to note that modern humans have been around for a very long time and survived for much of it without causing much irreparable damage to the environment. However, over corruption and contamination have started disturbing the environment negatively over the last few centuries. Even though a great factor of effort is now being made by government all over the world, generally individuals also have a dominant role to perform in detract global environmental hazards.... [tags: Human, Pollution, Air pollution, Environmentalism]
920 words (2.6 pages)
- Shifting Education Towards The Future Numerous technological advancements and era changed the lives of Americans. The latest digital age has presented us with an abundance of opportunities to learn and advance from. Smartphones, iPods, iPads, virtual reality, and other forms of wireless communications will aid us in achieving this goal. The job of these new technological advances is not to replace a teacher, but to enhance and create new experiences though it. A transformation of the current educational learning model, has the potential to effect how one can contribute to communal change in individuals via crowdsourcing, critical thinking, and rigor, relevance, and relationship.... [tags: Critical thinking, Problem solving, Education]
1196 words (3.4 pages)
- Investigating sampling biological populations Quadrats One technique which can be used to sample biological populations is the use of quadrats. A quadrat is a small plot of land which is used to mark off an area in order to sample a population within that area. There are a few types of quadrats which can be used when you want to sample populations in a habitat. Two types are a wire quadrat and a point quadrat. A frame quadrat is usually just a square frame, but it can be other shapes as well such as rectangular, with a grid of wire inside.... [tags: Sample size, Sampling, Sample, World population]
1353 words (3.9 pages)
- In the U.S economy, there were two causes of the shifting employment pattern. The first one is deregulation and the second one is deindustrialization. “Most analyses point to two major structural developments in the U.S. Economy as the main cause of shifting employment pattern in the late twentieth century: deregulation and deindustrialization”(Chomsky 4). The meaning of deregulation is to “remove government regulatory controls from an industry, commodity, and etc.” (dictionary.reference.com) and deindustrialization means to “cause to lose industrial capability or strength; make less industrial in character or emphasis” (dictionary.reference.com).... [tags: United States, Puerto Rico, Wage]
819 words (2.3 pages)
- Sociological Review of Flat Broke With Children What is welfare. At its most basal form, the concept of welfare is the idea that a central governing body or state will provide a basic level of support for its poorest members or citizens through programs at the expense of society at large. Examples of welfare can be traced all the way back to the Ancient Roman Empire, where measures of grain were provided to citizens who could not afford to purchase any for themselves. However, the roots of modern welfare in the United States can be traced back to legislation regarding mothers’ pensions, first enacted in 1911.... [tags: children, poverty, families]
1825 words (5.2 pages)
- Internal displacement is an issue that affects regions around the world. Countries ravaged by civil wars, government oppression, human rights abuse or other internal conflicts produce the mass displacement of persons (referred to as IDPs) to other parts of the country seeking refuge (Knox and Marston,108-109, 2010). Within the context of Colombia this paper will first explore the economic challenges that IDPs must face and discuss how these challenges effect displaced women. It will then discuss how the gendered division of labor in the household impacts these geographies of displacement.... [tags: Gender Studies, South America]
1815 words (5.2 pages)
- The Shifting of Pangea Have you ever noticed that a map of the world looks like a puzzle and the continents look like the pieces that would fit together to complete the puzzle. In 1912, Alfred Wegener, a German scientist and an adventurer, came up with a theory that the continents had once been part of a “supercontinent”. Wegener proposed that, over 200 million years, what he called Pangea had separated and became individual pieces. Pangea means “all lands” in Greek, and that is what Pangea was, a very large landmass when all of the continents were connected.... [tags: essays research papers]
834 words (2.4 pages)
- Stanhope and Lancaster (2008) define vulnerable populations as “those defined at a greater risk for poor health status and health care access”(p.712). The role of a public health nurse in contrast to a vulnerable population is to establish interventions to help break the cycle of vulnerability thus aiding to eliminate health disparities within the population. The term “risk” helps public health nurses establish a person probability of something happening to them. This epidemiological term is used with the triangle of host, agent and environment in contrast to ones health within a population.... [tags: Public Health]
2578 words (7.4 pages)
- Shifting Efficiency One of the most important and life-altering inventions in history is the creation of the automobile. The first model was built with a manual transmission, meaning the operator of the vehicle was responsible for manually changing gears to increase speed. This method of acceleration, while efficient, required the complete attention of the operator, and it sometimes took away the enjoyment of driving. This led to the invention of the automatic transmission, a method by which the operator of the vehicle no longer had to switch gears, as this was done automatically.... [tags: essays research papers]
585 words (1.7 pages)