Professor Shawn Dunnagan
HLTHST 207 – Nutrition
4 June 2015
Eating Disorders: Risk Factors
Eating disorders take different forms and can affect people in different ways. In a research paper titled “Social Risk Factors Related To Eating Disorders In Women,” Alejandro Magallares explains that “eating disorders (ED) can be defined as a disturbance of eating behavior that results in the altered consumption of foods and that affects physical health and psychosocial functioning” (148). The most common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. In addition to these two, other diagnoses of eating disorders include binge eating disorder and eating disorder NOS (not otherwise specified). Although these disorders are all based on thoughts and actions regarding food consumption and elimination, there are specific characteristics of each. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by a prolonged severe restriction of caloric intake, usually accompanied by extreme amounts of physical activity. Bulimia nervosa, on the other hand, is characterized by periods of restricted eating followed by binging and ultimately purging. Binge eating disorder, though similar to bulimia, does not typically include purging, and generally includes binges of much larger proportions (people afflicted by this disorder routinely consume thousands of calories during a single binge). A person afflicted with an eating disorder NOS may exhibit one or more of these traits but doesn’t meet all the criteria for any one category. Although there are different names for the different forms of eating disorders, they are all harmful to the body, both physically and emotionally.
As can be imagined, the behavior of someone with an eating disorder is damagin...
... middle of paper ...
...hletes engage in disordered eating behaviors may be that they and their coaches have embraced unsuitable weight standards” (253). But where have these unsuitable standards come from? A sad fact is that much of this information is found and perpetuated online. Modern society makes significant and harmful contributions to the problem of eating disorders.
Halmi, Katherine A. "Perplexities And Provocations Of Eating Disorders." Journal Of Child
Psychology & Psychiatry 50.1/2 (2009): 163-169. Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection. Web. 4 June 2015.
Magallares, Alejandro. "Social Risk Factors Related To Eating Disorders In Women." Revista
Latinoamericana De Psicología 45.1 (2013): 147-154. Academic Search Premier. Web. 4 June 2015.
Whitney, Eleanor N, and Sharon R. Rolfes. Understanding Nutrition. Australia: Wadsworth,
Cengage Learning, 2013. Print.
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- Intro: Eating disorders adversely affects people both in biological and sociological aspect. Not only has it cost our economy additional healthcare costs, it also affects our personal relation with society and with close individuals. It is imperative to study eating disorder as we will reduce the strain on our economies, environment and on ourselves. The purpose of this paper is to understand the risk factors and treatment of eating disorders. For this topic, the purpose will be to use established research to describe the risk factors and treatment for eating disorders and then to propose my own study to investigate ways to prevent or reduce eating disorders.... [tags: Eating disorders, Bulimia nervosa]
1070 words (3.1 pages)
What Are the Risk and Protective Factors for Athletes, in Terms of Different Types of Sports and Intensity?
- There are many scientific papers about eating disorders, possible treatments and possible risk factors. Due to the fact that, for many people with eating disorders, body image, dieting and over exercising is part of their everyday lives, the focus in this study is on sportswomen- and men.(1) In addition, the worldwide prevalence of eating disorders among athletes, 0-19% for men, and 6-45% for women, is higher than the prevalence within the general population.(1) The focus of this study however, lies on the Dutch population.... [tags: sports life, dutch athletes, eating disorders]
1201 words (3.4 pages)
- Introduction and Overview of Study This study’s purpose was to “evaluate a model of risk for the full range of eating disorders, such as binge eating and purging.” The specific aims of the study were to determine whether eating and body shape concerns at age 14 would relate to the parents perceiving the child overweight at age 10. Also, the study would test if a binge eating or purging eating disorder forms between the ages of 15 and 20, and whether the parent’s predictions would differ between bulimia, binge eating, and purging.... [tags: Eating disorders, Anorexia nervosa]
950 words (2.7 pages)
- Stice’s et al (2013)’s proposed that although the DSM-V refined and introduces more homogeneous conditions to the diagnostic of criteria for AN, BN, and BED, it also left several unanswered questions regarding these diagnoses. Such as the prevalence, annual incidence, and peak periods of onset for the proposed disorders on the DSM-V. There is also limited data on whether the new proposed disorders correspond with functional impairment and on the average duration, remission, and recurrence rates of the DSM-V eating disorders.... [tags: Eating disorders, Anorexia nervosa]
858 words (2.5 pages)
- counterparts are. Looking at the statistics of eating disorders, Smolak states, “By age 6, girls especially start to express concerns about their own weight or shape. 40-60% of elementary school girls (ages 6-12) are concerned about their weight or about becoming too fat. This concern endures through life” (2011). Many eating disorders originate from a want to look like celebrities and models on TV and magazines. Martin reports in “Nutrition Today,” “Of American elementary school girls who read magazines, 69% say that the pictures influence their concept of the ideal body shape.... [tags: Eating disorders, Bulimia nervosa]
1291 words (3.7 pages)
- RESEARCH REVIEW Over the past years, the pervasiveness of eating disorders, Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa, has risen notably amongst women in the Western World. Eating disorders (EDs) are mental disorders “characterized by a persistent disturbance of eating or eating-related behavior that results in the altered consumption or absorption of food and that significantly impairs physical health or psychosocial functioning” (American Psychiatric Association (APA), 2013). The most well-known types of eating disorders are Anorexia and Bulimia.... [tags: Anorexia nervosa, Eating disorders]
1607 words (4.6 pages)
- Eating disorders: Psychologists are now developing new promising treatments and conducting unconventional studies to fight against eating disorders. According to the National Association of Eating Disorders at any given time about ten million Americans report symptoms of eating disorders like anorexia or bulimia nervosa. Millions a lot of struggle with binge-eating disorder. Psychologists understand well the disturbance these serious mental sicknesses create on the body, together with pathology, channel complications and dental issues, among alternative important health issues.... [tags: Bulimia nervosa, Eating disorders]
1349 words (3.9 pages)
- I do believe that the media plays a role in the cause of eating disorders such as Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa. However, I do not believe that the media is solely the cause of all eating disorders. There are many factors that contribute to an individual developing an eating disorder, the media can have an influence, but for the most part it is not the sole cause. Overall, the media emphasizes what makes an individual attractive and teaches individuals about the ideal body, (National Eating Disroders Association [NEDA] ).... [tags: Anorexia nervosa, Eating disorders]
1477 words (4.2 pages)
- Abstract Adolescence is a stage of growth-related risk for eating disorders and eating disorder symptoms. This study is targeted to depict the frequency and route of five underlying eating disorder conducts (binge eating, purging, fasting, anorexia, and bulimia.) Each of these has very diverse abilities of insignificant health and very uncommon behaviors. It also intended to resolve the outcome of early adolescent (Age 12-20) depressive symptoms on the frequency and path of these distinctive eating disorder symptoms.... [tags: Eating disorders, Bulimia nervosa]
1299 words (3.7 pages)
- At some point every little girl dreams of being a model, they want to be skinny and beautiful like the girls they see in magazines. Often these young girls start wanting more and more to look this way, so much that it becomes an obsession, they think that looking like those models is a must. Once girls reach adolescents they begin to make drastic changes to get that look they have always dreamed of having. The obsessions of these teenagers over how they look or how much they weigh has led to an increase in the amount of people who have acquired an eating disorder trying achieve that “ideal” appearance.... [tags: Eating disorders, Bulimia nervosa]
1376 words (3.9 pages)