Eastern Indigo Snakes have a number of common names including the blue indigo snake, black snake, blue gopher snake, and blue bull snake. The Eastern Indigo Snake is one of the longest native snakes in the United States. A typical full-grown male is about 7.0–7.7 ft long and weighs 7.1–9.9 lb, while a typical full-grown female is about 6.6 ft long and weighs 4.0–6.0 lb. These snakes are bluish-black and may have a red-orange or cream coloration on the chin, throat or cheeks. Their scales are smooth and tend to shimmer in the sunlight. The Eastern Indigo Snake is not venomous, although it may bite people in it’s defense, it does not let out any venom.
The indigo snake, whose scientific name is Drymarchon corais, ranges from the southeastern U.S. to northern Argentina. This species has eight known subspecies. Two of which are in the U.S. : the eastern indigo, with a scientific name of D. c. couperi, and the Texas indigo, which it’s scientific name is D. c. erebennus.
The Eastern Indigo Snakes’ population has been slowly declining. They have been endangered since 1971. By the time an Eastern Indigo Snake is three to five years old, they are matu...
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...un through the sandhill habitats. Their habitat selection varies throughout the seasons. From December to April, Eastern Indigo Snakes prefer the sandhill habitats, while from May to July snakes shift from winter dens to summer territories. August through November they are located frequently in the shady creek bottoms.
Eastern Indigo Snakes help control the population of rodents and other snakes, including venomous snakes, in their home range.
Threats to Survival
The Eastern Indigo Snake has had a population decline caused by habitat loss, over-collecting for the pet trade, and the mortality from gassing gopher tortoise burrows to collect rattlesnakes. Humans pose as the greatest threat to the Eastern Indigo Snakes. The appropriate habitat is destroyed during many roadway and housing constructions, as well as logging and agricultural activities.
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