The earth is a very unique place with very intense catastrophes that occur throughout its lifespan. Some of these catalysts have the ability to completely alter the earth in ways that no man made invention could do. Earthquakes are among those catastrophes that cause unimaginable amounts of damage in what seems like no time at all. Earthquakes are caused by a collision of two plates in the earth. The collision will then send seismic waves across the surface of the earth destroying anything in its path. When earthquakes occur in the ocean, the collision can create a fault in the earth 's floor. The pressure from the seismic waves, combined with the shifting of plates will typically causes tsunamis as well.
A way that the severity of earthquakes is measured is based off of something called the Richter Magnitude scale. The earthquake scale created by Charles F Richter measures the amount of energy that is released when plates collide and cause an earthquake. The scale runs from a 0-10 with 10 being the most catastrophic (Lutgens, Tarbuck, & Tasa, 2015). There are many earthquakes that aren 't felt by people, and have little to no effect on any of the surroundings. These types of earthquakes are considered a 0-2 on the Richter Magnitude Scale. On the other end of the spectrum you have a 10, with an earthquake magnitude of 10 you can expect a very high death toll as well as massive destruction of building and landmarks. Luckily we have never experienced a magnitude 10 earthquake, however we have been pretty close.
Great Chilean Earthquake
World’s largest earthquake in human history was the Great Chilean Earthquake or this is also known as “1960 Valdivia Earthquake” and the “Great Chilean Earthquake”. This...
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...he Nazca Plate, subducting underneath the North American Plate (Ding, & Lin, 2014). The surface area of the collision was the great factor into the cause of the megathrust earthquake.
The Great Chilean Earthquake is the largest earthquake ever recorded on the scale. Although it is possible that at some point in the past there was an earthquake that was larger in magnitude this is the largest ever recorded since modern technology was invented. The 1960’s earthquake caused billions of dollars of damage and had an estimated 6000 deaths, although it can never be proven how many people actually died from this quake. This earthquake was believed to be so large that it actually has the seismic power to set off a 40 year inactive volcano. If the activity did lead to the eruption, the death toll, and money cost to fix the damages would jump dramatically.
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