Earthquake : The Great Tohoku Earthquake Essay

Earthquake : The Great Tohoku Earthquake Essay

Length: 1226 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

An earthquake occurs abruptly and causes severs damage to people, property, landscape and more. A great mega-thrust earthquake, known as the Great Tohoku Earthquake has shaken Japan at 5:46:24 UTC on March 11, 2011. It caused a severe disaster, including tsunami and nuclear radiation exposure.. This mega-quake located at the latitude 38.297 degree North and longitude of 142.372 degree East, near the east coast of Honshu, Japan (USGS, 2013). An earthquake and tsunami waves caused widespread damage to many areas of Japan. People in Japan are still recovering from the damages.
The Tohoku earthquake caused by the movement of the Pacific plate slides underneath the Eurasia plate at the rate of three inches per year, associated with Japan Trench (NOVA, 2013). There is a debate whether the plate involved with the Pacific plate was the fragment of the North America plate because this region divided into some micro-plates (Pletcher, 2013). The earthquake released the stress that built up between two plates. This subduction zone produced a magnitude 9.0 with the depth of 30 km. The upward movement of the fault was 30-40 meter. The slip over was 300 km long by 50 km in the down-dip direction (USGS, 2013). The displacement between two plates was relatively to 80 meters. The large foreshocks began over the previous two days with magnitude 7.2, approximately 25 miles from the epicenter. Many aftershocks had the magnitude larger than 6.0. The quake lasted five to six minutes. The epicenter located about 80 miles (130km) to the east of Sendai (Pletcher, 2013). During Tohoku earthquake, the shallow fault shifted in one big piece instead of a small section at a time (Oskin, 2013b). The thrusting of the Pacific plate and the Eurasian plate produc...


... middle of paper ...


...a significant decrease of dairy milk yields a week before the earthquake (Hiroyuki et al., 2014). Careful observations of pet’s behaviors can help us in the earthquake predictions.
The 2011 Tohoku earthquake in Japan is the fourth largest in the world since 1900. The earthquake with magnitude 9.0 and tsunami hit many regions of Japan and destroyed everything on its ways. The effects could feel over the world. Tsunamis hit Pacific coastal lines in many countries. Numerous people died, missing, or homeless. People lived in shelter, without clean water, power, telecommunication, etc. Japan is still recovering from the damages with the help of foreign relief. Radioactive from the meltdown and the aftermath debris affects the global environment. Learning the mega-thrust earthquake will help us improves the warning system that could save people and avoid serious damages.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Earthquake : The Great Tohoku Earthquake

- Earthquake occurs abruptly and causes severs damage to people, property, landscape and more. A great mega-thrust earthquake, known as the Great Tohoku Earthquake has shaken Japan at 5:46:24 UTC on March 11, 2011. It caused a severe disaster, including tsunami and nuclear radiation exposure.. This mega-quake located at the latitude 38.297 degree North and longitude of 142.372 degree East, near the east coast of Honshu, Japan (USGS, 2013). The earthquake and tsunami waves caused widespread damage to many areas of Japan....   [tags: Earthquake, Tsunami, Japan, Pacific Ring of Fire]

Better Essays
1119 words (3.2 pages)

Essay about The Quake Earthquake And Tsunami

- 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 The Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami On March, 11, 2011, a megathrust earthquake of 9.0 on the moment magnitude scale occurred at approximately 70 km away from the nation of Japan.1 This earthquake was the fourth most powerful ever recorded in Earth’s history and, among other things, resulting in approximately 400 metres of Japan’s coast subsiding 0.6 m.2 The undersea earthquake resulted in a tsunami, that had waves estimated to be up to 40 metres in height. The waves of the tsunami were able to travel approximately 10 kilometres on land, in the Sendai area.3 The tsunami affected a large area along the Pacific coast and over 20 countries issued tsunami warnings.4 The mai...   [tags: Earthquake, Plate tectonics, Tsunami]

Better Essays
1601 words (4.6 pages)

How Japan's Banking Industry Responded to Great East Japan Earthquake Essay

- ... (3) To grant a grace period for bills that could not be settled because of the disaster before treating them as dishonored bills. (4) To exchange soiled banknotes for clean ones. (5) To assist customers in the reissuance of lost securities certificates. In response to the request, financial institutions have taken various measures to flexibly meet the financial needs of their customers. (Bank of Japan, 2011) Following the Great East Japan Earthquake, various rumors spread in parts of the market regarding the status of financial infrastructure in Japan, potentially unnerving overseas investors in particular....   [tags: stock, financial, yen]

Better Essays
2006 words (5.7 pages)

Essay on A Comparison and Contrast of Earthquake in Haiti and Chile in 2010

- Introduction There are about 15 tectonic or lithospheric plates on the earth’s surface, which have different size and move relative to one another over the earth’s surface. As a result, the crust around the boundaries of the plates bends or deforms, accumulating strong energy during these processes (Briggs, 2006). When the strain becomes too great to bear by the crust in the future, the crust will snap or slip causing earthquakes. As a type of geophysical hazard, earthquakes are inevitable for mankind living on the Earth, which destroy tremendous buildings, and take human life away....   [tags: environment, disaster]

Better Essays
1898 words (5.4 pages)

Earthquake Disasters Caused By The Tohoku Earthquake Essay

- TOHOKU, Japan, Friday, Mar. 11 -Yesterday, a 9.0 magnitude Earthquake struck the east of Tohoku, Japan. The epicentre of the earthquake was located approximately 72 km east of Tohoku (38.3 degrees North latitude and 142.4 degrees East longitude), or 130 km east of Sendai as shown by the X in figure 3 below. The focus of the earthquake was 24.4 km under the epicentre. The earthquake therefore caused a tsunami due to the displacing of water above the Pacific Plate. The earthquake and tsunami together have caused approximately 20,000 deaths, 6152 injuries and 2500 people missing....   [tags: Plate tectonics, Earthquake, Convergent boundary]

Better Essays
1793 words (5.1 pages)

Essay on Twitter and Natural Disasters

- 1 Introduction  Online social media (OSM) are Internet sites for people to interact freely, sharing their thoughts and engaging in a conversation, using words, audio, pictures and videos. These services allow individuals, organizations and governments to create, exchange content and spreading information with large number of people without geographical constraints. It appear in many forms including blogs and microblogs, wikis, social networks, virtual words, forums and message boards, media-sharing sites and social bookmarking....   [tags: social media, OSM, earthquake, emergency]

Better Essays
2895 words (8.3 pages)

Essay about Japan, After the Tragedy of the Great East Japan Earthquake

- Devastation struck Japan on March 11, 2011 when the main island, Honshu, was rocked by the worst earthquake in the country’s history. According the U.S. Geological Survey, the earthquake, named the Great East Japan Earthquake, was so severe it shifted the earth’s axis by 10 cm and the jolt of the earth’s crust triggered a tsunami of epic proportion. Carrying a wall of water over 10 meters high and massive enough to been seen by the International Space Station, the tsunami claimed more lives than the earthquake itself....   [tags: Great East Japan Earthquake, tsunami, Hiroshima]

Better Essays
744 words (2.1 pages)

The Great 1906 San Francisco Earthquake Essay

- Pre-ESS Analysis- 1906 San Francisco Earthquake The 1906 San Francisco Earthquake hit the Northern California coastline. The San Andreas fault shook 296 miles of the coast causing major damage throughout San Francisco, destroying about 80% of the city. Fires broke out throughout the city that lasted for several days. This was one of the worst Earthquakes recorded in history, killing 3,000 people.("The Great 1906 San Francisco Earthquake") Problem Statement: Earthquakes are a natual part of the environment....   [tags: Earthquake, 1906 San Francisco earthquake, Water]

Better Essays
726 words (2.1 pages)

Effects of the Great Kanto Earthquake in Japanese History Essay

- The Great Kanto Earthquake also known as the Tokyo-Yokohama Earthquake of 1923 hit the metropolitan area of Kanto on September 1st, 1923 around 11:58 pm. It was a 7.9 on the Richter magnitude scale, killing over one-hundred and forty thousand people due to its high magnitude and the time it happened. The earthquake struck around lunch time, when many Japanese people were at home cooking at their charcoal or gas fueled stoves. At the moment the earthquake hit, it knocked down buildings that caught flames from the stoves that fell over, enflaming the city....   [tags: Tokyo-Yokohama Earthquake, Kanto]

Better Essays
1580 words (4.5 pages)

The Earthquake And Earthquake Disasters Essay

- "Why did the earthquake and tsunami occur in Japan. Was it the act of an angry God. No, it was the result of the movement and collision of the earth 's tectonic plates - a process driven by the earth 's need to regulate its own internal temperature. Without the process that creates earthquakes, our planet could not sustain life." - Adam Hamiliton. Living in the Midwest, we rarely experience the full potential of an earthquake. In school we did not participate in earthquake drills, and we were not informed on how to handle such a catastrophe....   [tags: Plate tectonics, Earthquake, Earth, Subduction]

Better Essays
953 words (2.7 pages)