TOHOKU, Japan, Friday, Mar. 11 -Yesterday, a 9.0 magnitude Earthquake struck the east of Tohoku, Japan. The epicentre of the earthquake was located approximately 72 km east of Tohoku (38.3 degrees North latitude and 142.4 degrees East longitude), or 130 km east of Sendai as shown by the X in figure 3 below. The focus of the earthquake was 24.4 km under the epicentre. The earthquake therefore caused a tsunami due to the displacing of water above the Pacific Plate. The earthquake and tsunami together have caused approximately 20,000 deaths, 6152 injuries and 2500 people missing. Approximately 90% of these deaths were by drowning. Approximately 140,000 people have been displaced and over 500,000 buildings and structures have been destroyed or damaged. The early warning system of Japan stopped many bullet trains, and many residents received texted warnings of the earthquake and tsunami on their mobile phones giving them time to evacuate. Figures 1 and 2 show exactly how destructive the tsunami caused by the Tohoku Earthquake was.
The earthquake negatively affected Japan in multiple ways. It disrupted electricity, water, food and gas supplies in Japan followed by transportation and telecommunication failure.
The earthquake also caused fires due to destruction of gas lines or electrical power, dam failure due to the tsunami causing overflow of water, landslides due to the earth movement and soil liquefaction. Floods and washing away of homes was caused by the rupture of the Fujinuma irrigation dam in Sukagawa. The flooding of the dam caused the drowning of many people and was a factor in the 90% deaths by drowning. Soil liquefaction is caused by applied strength from an earthquake and is where soil behaves as if it is liquid, and...
... middle of paper ...
...ge magnitude high damage earthquakes are common in this region. The 2011 Tohoku Earthquake was the most powerful in Japan’s history as no other Japanese earthquake has reached the 9.0 magnitude on the Richter scale. The second highest magnitude ever recorded in Japan was an 8.9 on the Richter scale; however that was the Jogan Sanriku earthquake that took place in the year 869.
Jinius Kangius, an eyewitness at the scene, told The Australian Times about his experience of the tsunami. “The tidal wave of the tsunami rushed in like it was eating up the city. I looked on from my 14th floor apartment and saw the water destroy every building in its path. The tsunami was relentless, just like the earthquake.” he said. Overall, this disaster can be summarised by the utter destruction shown in figure 9. The Tohoku earthquake and tsunami has wreaked havoc across Japan.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- An earthquake occurs abruptly and causes severs damage to people, property, landscape and more. A great mega-thrust earthquake, known as the Great Tohoku Earthquake has shaken Japan at 5:46:24 UTC on March 11, 2011. It caused a severe disaster, including tsunami and nuclear radiation exposure.. This mega-quake located at the latitude 38.297 degree North and longitude of 142.372 degree East, near the east coast of Honshu, Japan (USGS, 2013). An earthquake and tsunami waves caused widespread damage to many areas of Japan.... [tags: Earthquake, Tsunami, Japan]
1226 words (3.5 pages)
- Earthquake occurs abruptly and causes severs damage to people, property, landscape and more. A great mega-thrust earthquake, known as the Great Tohoku Earthquake has shaken Japan at 5:46:24 UTC on March 11, 2011. It caused a severe disaster, including tsunami and nuclear radiation exposure.. This mega-quake located at the latitude 38.297 degree North and longitude of 142.372 degree East, near the east coast of Honshu, Japan (USGS, 2013). The earthquake and tsunami waves caused widespread damage to many areas of Japan.... [tags: Earthquake, Tsunami, Japan, Pacific Ring of Fire]
1119 words (3.2 pages)
- Earth has many natural disasters that affect billions of people every year. Whether it is hurricanes, torrential rain, snow storms, or even tornadoes. But there is a natural disaster which unlike the others, is unpredictable. Earthquakes, one of the most feared natural disasters can kill thousands and affect millions when they occur. They can also be a precursor to an even worse event, the tsunami. Tsunamis cause even more damage than earthquakes, and most of the time it is the cause for most deaths after an earthquake.... [tags: Plate tectonics, Earthquake, Tsunami, Earth]
1718 words (4.9 pages)
- "Why did the earthquake and tsunami occur in Japan. Was it the act of an angry God. No, it was the result of the movement and collision of the earth 's tectonic plates - a process driven by the earth 's need to regulate its own internal temperature. Without the process that creates earthquakes, our planet could not sustain life." - Adam Hamiliton. Living in the Midwest, we rarely experience the full potential of an earthquake. In school we did not participate in earthquake drills, and we were not informed on how to handle such a catastrophe.... [tags: Plate tectonics, Earthquake, Earth, Subduction]
953 words (2.7 pages)
- Earthquakes are a frequently occurring natural disaster. Every year it seems the world suffers a series of earthquakes of varying sizes. In this modern times, people are required to be constantly vigilant and be able to reduce massive losses and deaths caused by an earthquake. However, human attitudes and behaviors are also have an important role in this natural disaster’s impact. The earthquake that occurred in Sichuan province, China was one of the phenomenons that will be unforgettable for Sichuan people.... [tags: 2008 Sichuan earthquake, Earthquake, Sichuan]
1144 words (3.3 pages)
- In this paper I will discuss what an earthquake is and what causes an earthquake. Now an earthquake is also known as a quake, tremor or temblor and is the perceptible shaking of the surface of the earth. Furthermore, this can be so violent that it can destroy major buildings as well as kill thousands of people when they happen. When an earth happens they can be ranged from a small shaking tremor that can barely be felt by anyone to a major quake that is so violent that it throws people around. In the world today there have been earthquakes that have totally destroyed entire cities.... [tags: Earthquake, Earth, Seismic wave, Seismometer]
1270 words (3.6 pages)
- The earthquake that only lasted 45 to 60 seconds but “was felt from southern Oregon to south of Los Angeles and inland as far as central Nevada” was the disastrous 1906 San Francisco Earthquake (USGS 2012). A natural disaster that was responsible for structure damage and the lives of many people. Earthquakes are part of the natural process of the earth and are frequent around the world; they are usually small and not even felt by people. Unfortunately, there is also the magnitude 7 or greater earthquakes, which if trigger in big populated areas can become destructive in matter of seconds (Lutgens, F.... [tags: 1906 San Francisco earthquake, Earthquake]
1900 words (5.4 pages)
- Introduction Words simply cannot appropriately depict the aftermath of the earthquake and tsunami that devastated Japan on March 11, 2011. Japan is a developed country with the third largest economy in the world, behind the United States and China. The northeast border of Japan encountered an overwhelming natural disaster in the form of an earthquake that also created a massive tsunami and many strong aftershocks, which has affected Japan domestically and internationally. The aftershocks continually delayed recovery and have increased difficulty for search and rescue teams combing the disaster area for the deceased and wounded.... [tags: Japanese Earthquake]
1925 words (5.5 pages)
- Earthquake predictions effect many a people around the world and have different outcomes. Two specific cases of earthquake predictions will be discussed and compared to each other to see how the public was affected over all. One case is the Parkfield Earthquake in California and the second case is the L’Aquila Earthquake in Italy. There will be several pieces of the earthquakes that will be discussed: geology around the area, what information was gathered before the earthquake, information that was provided to the public before the earthquake, how the public reacted, and the aftereffects.... [tags: Earthquake, San Andreas Fault, Fault, Prediction]
1430 words (4.1 pages)
- Natural disasters happen all over the world and they can be completely devastating for people and the environments they live. Natural disasters are caused by nature and there is nothing that we can do to prevent them from happening, there are many different events that lead to natural disasters, and being aware of these causes enables us to be better prepared when such disasters present themselves. China is one of the unlucky countries that commonly have natural disasters. China is the world's most populous country, with a population of over 1.35 billion.... [tags: environment, China, earthquake, devastation]
1718 words (4.9 pages)