-My focal child: The little girl is around four-year-old. She is around 37 to 40 inch (93.98 to 101.6 cm). I can’t tell how much she weighs, but she is about an average body size. She is a brunette with curly hair, and her hair is tied up into a ponytail. I will call her M in this essay.
-Episode 1: M and her younger sister and their mother are standing nearby the big rock eating.
-Episode 2: M took away her younger sister’s brownie, then her younger sister starts crying. The mom takes away the brownie from M and gives it back to M’s sister.
-Episode 3: M finished eating her own cookie and climbs onto the top of the rock with a bit of struggle.
-Episode 4: M’s younger sister couldn’t climb onto the rock. M looks at her younger sister’s action and face, and then she starts helping her younger sister to climb up the rock too. After they both are on top of the rock, M’s younger sister smiles, and M smiles too.
-Episode 5: M starts to play with her younger sister and other children on the rock and make some space for other children to play too. She and her sister played for about 10 minutes.
-Episode 6: M starts to climb down, and she is having a bit of a hard time getting down the rock.
-Episode 7: M’s younger sister starts to climb down too, but she falls down when she is near the ground. M tries to comfort her younger sister, but she starts to cry. M’s mothe...
... middle of paper ...
...nger sister falls down, and seeing her almost cries when she saw her younger sister cries, I can conclude that M’s behavior appears to be in accordance with both the Washington State Early Learning and Development Guidelines for children around four and the result of the finding in the Similarity of Experience and Empathy in Preschoolers empirical research article. Children around four-year-old do starts to show empathy toward other people, and the empathy feeling gets enhance if they have had a similar experience before.
Barnett, M. (1983). Similarity of experience and empathy in preschoolers. The Journal of
Genetic Psychology, 145, 241-250. doi: 10.1080/00221325.1984.10532271
State Department of Early Learning. (2012). Washington State Early Learning and Development
Guidelines. Retrieved from http://www.del.wa.gov/development/guidelines/
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