Stice’s et al (2013)’s proposed that although the DSM-V refined and introduces more homogeneous conditions to the diagnostic of criteria for AN, BN, and BED, it also left several unanswered questions regarding these diagnoses. Such as the prevalence, annual incidence, and peak periods of onset for the proposed disorders on the DSM-V. There is also limited data on whether the new proposed disorders correspond with functional impairment and on the average duration, remission, and recurrence rates of the DSM-V eating disorders. For their research Stice et al (2013), studied 496 adolescent females from the ages of 12-15 for 8 years. The Eating Disorder Diagnostic Interview was given to each girl annually to assess eating disorder symptoms. Their weight, height and BMI were also recorded. In order to measure functional impairment in family, school and social spheres the Social Adjustment Scale-Self Report for Youth was used. Stice et al (2013)’s results showed that throughout the 8 year follow up, 13.1% of adolescents experienced at least one eating disorder; overall the participants with an eating disorder reported significantly higher functional impairment, emotional distress, suicidality, and mental health treatment; excluding the participants who had met diagnostic criteria at baseline, the general trend on the risk of onset for an eating disorder occurred in 19 to 20 year old individuals; the average episode duration was 8 months for AN, 2.9 months for BN, 3.3 months for BED, and 5.9 months for any FED-NEC disorder. Also, diagnosed cases primarily showed remission within 1 year; and recurrence rates varied depending on the eating disorder, PD had the lowest recurrence rate at 6% and participants who exhibited BED and subthresho...
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.... Also, since the study was only on females this study may not apply to males with an eating disorder. Based on this study it is unknown what the prevalence, incidence, impairment, and duration for the submitted DSM-V eating disorders is for males. Another critique, is that Stice et al (2013)’s study talks about remission and recurrence but does not specify any treatments. Therefore, it is unknown what kind of treatment the participants with an eating disorder were receiving. It is important to know what type of treatment is being applied in reference to the patient 's remission and the reoccurrence of a specific eating disorder so that it is known which treatment is most effective for each disorder. There is still a long way to go in approaching a better understanding of how and why eating disorders develop. Perhaps future research can further look into these issues.
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