Drug Use and Its Role in Incarceration
Criminology is defined as the scientific study of crime, criminals, criminal behavior, and corrections according to your dictionary.com. The goal of this report is to focus on how drug use begins and the resulting potential incarceration.
According to the Federal Bureau of Prison statistics, the overwhelming majority of inmates are incarcerated as the result of Drug offences, a total of 46.5% . These inmates are 58.8% White and 37.7% Black. These statistics apply as of February, 2016. What are some of the causes of these numbers?
The National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence states that most inmates are in prison as the result of substance abuse:
• 80% of offenders abuse drugs or alcohol.
• Nearly 50% of jail and prison inmates are clinically addicted.
• Approximately 60% of individuals arrested for most types of crimes test positive for illegal drugs at arrest.
Many illegal drug users do not commit other crimes, and many who commit crimes never use illegal drugs, but in a high percentage of crimes, drug use is commonly involved.
Another area explored by The National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence is the type of crimes committed by drug abusers that are listed below:
• Use-Related crime: These are crimes that result from or involve individuals who ingest drugs, and who commit crimes as a result of the effect the drug has on their thought processes and behavior.
• Economic-Related crime: These are crimes where an individual commits a crime in order to fund a drug habit. These include theft and prostitution.
• System-Related crime: These are crimes that result from the structure of the drug system. They include production, manufacture, transportation, and sale of drug...
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... seems like fun at first, again, continued use can lead to addiction and criminal activity to obtain the drug of choice.
Drug use has become an epidemic in America. In the sixties and seventies, most drug users were musicians and celebrities. This trend has rapidly increased over the last few decades and seems to be growing with each generation. Some contributing factors to the epidemic are the widespread use of drugs in Movies and Videos. Young people have viewed this behavior in the media and taken it on as an acceptable lifestyle. Adding to this problem is the effect of peer pressure and boredom. Young people are not known for seeing the big picture as it relates to the consequences of drug use. As a result, continued use of drugs often results in incarceration for drug related offences. As stated earlier, these offences account for 46.5% of inmates in America.
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