Drug Discovery, Development, and Manufacturing
The process of producing a new drug into the market involves drug discovery, drug development, and drug manufacturing. Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics are both properties responsible for bringing about a new drug. Pharmacokinetics is the study of what the body does to a drug and of absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion. Pharmacodynamics is the study of what a drug does to the body. It is the relationship of the resulting effect of the drug and the site of action (Introduction to Pharmacokinetics, n.d). Each process has invested interest in the biotechnology industry. Although each course of action have a model, all three are necessary to give a drug into the market. Drug Discovery has a long history spanning for centuries. Before the 1920s, people used herbal and serendipitous drugs. In the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, vitamins, vaccines, and the discovery of antibiotics increased. In the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s there was the discovery of DNA, a breakthrough in Etiology, rise of biotechnology, and use of IT. Since the 1980s, automation, robotics, combinational chemistry, and commercialization of drug discovery have had a profound impact (Drug discovery and development, n.d).
The drug discovery path is the innovation of a new drug. Small companies, major biotechnology companies, and the leadership from the National Institute of Health (NIH) contribute to the discovery of the new drug. Scientist from biotechnology companies research the potential of an original drug based on the market needs and scientific creativity. Scientific creativity is high quality research based on where funding could be obtained. Before a biotechnology companies funds research, they ask...
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Sweeny, K. (2002, March 1). Technology Trends in Drug Discovery and Development: Implications for the Development of the Pharmaceutical Industry in Australia. Centre for Strategic Economic Studies. Retrieved December 13, 2013, from http://www.cfses.com/documents/pharma/03-Technology_Trends.PDF
Top 25 Biotech Companies of 2013. (n.d.). Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News. Retrieved December 13, 2013, from http://www.genengnews.com/insight-and-intelligenceand153/top-25-biotech-companies-of-2013/77899858/?page=2
Understanding the R&D Process. (n.d.). Innovation. Retrieved December 13, 2013, from http://www.innovation.org/drug_discovery/objects/pdf/RD_Brochure.pdf
Why Precise Manufacturing of Biological Medicines Matters. (n.d.). Building Biologics. Retrieved December 13, 2013, from http://www.buildingbiologics.com/manufacturing-biologics.html
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