It is important to consider how addiction to drugs begins. “Genetics accounts for approximately half of an individual’s vulnerability to addiction, including effects of the environment on gene function and expression” (Volkow). This basically means that once a person is exposed to drugs, they are more likely to become addicted to drugs after that exposure if their genes make them more vulnerable to addiction. Consequently, not every person who is exposed to drugs will develop an addiction because they do not have the genetic make-up that makes them an addictive person, meaning that: “…predisposing genes interact with [exposure to drugs] and other environmental factors to create vulnerability” (Volkow). People cannot change their genetic make-up to prevent themselves from becoming addicted to drugs. They can only limit their exposure to a drug filled...
... middle of paper ...
...ue, rather than as a criminal activity that deserves punishment, would be more effective in preventing people from relapsing into drug use by showing them the support they need to fight their drug addiction.
• "Definition of Addiction." Definition of Addiction. American Society of Addiction Medicine, 19 Apr. 2011. Web. 31 Mar. 2014.
• "DrugFacts: Understanding Drug Abuse and Addiction." National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). N.p., Nov. 2012. Web. 01 Apr. 2014.
• Volkow, Nora, M.D. "The Brain: Understanding Neurobiology." The Brain—The Essence of Drug Addiction. National Institute on Drug Abuse, n.d. Web. 01 Apr. 2014.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Based on personal experience, as well as my understanding of the psychopharmacology of drug addiction, I agree with Dr. Kevin T. McCauly’s perspective of drug addiction as a disease. The neuroscience behind what occurs when a drug enters the system revolves around brain anatomy and brain chemistry. Just like mixing chemicals in a test tube and watching what sparks or smoke emanate, drug use—despite legality, origin, therapeutic use, or mechanism of action—is a science experiment we perform in our own bodies.... [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Nicotine, Dopamine]
1052 words (3 pages)
- Drug addiction is a disease that is sweeping all across the United States of America as well as many different countries. Drug addiction is a disease that effect people from different backgrounds and races. Although drug abuse is considered as a disease, a lot of people do not classify drug addiction as a disease, however, I do. While there is more severe life threating diseases, drug addiction is still one disease that is responsible for one in four deaths in the world. According to merriam-webter.com a disease is an illness that affects a person, animal, or plant: a condition that prevents the body or mind from working normally.... [tags: Drug addiction, Drug abuse, Addiction, Brain]
1021 words (2.9 pages)
- Drug abuse and addiction are issues that affect people everywhere. However, these issues are usually treated as criminal activity rather than issues of public health. There is a conflict over whether addiction related to drug abuse is a disease or a choice. Addiction as a choice suggests that drug abusers are completely responsible for their actions, while addiction as a disease suggests that drug abusers need help in order to break their cycle of addiction. There is a lot of evidence that suggests that addiction is a disease, and should be treated rather than punished.... [tags: Drug Abuse, Addictions, Mental Disease, Rehab]
899 words (2.6 pages)
The Research Model Of Psychopharmacology As It Applies Within The Disease Of Drug Abuse, Addiction, And Treatment
- There are several theories that attempt to explain why people abuse and become addicted to drugs. As each theory has developed, parallel models for treating and recovering from addiction have also evolved. Pharmacology plays a large role in many of them, and as the use of drugs to treat addiction has become such common practice it is necessary for any clinician who works with addicts to have an understanding of psychopharmacology. This essay will discuss the academic model of psychopharmacology as it applies within the disease and behavioral/environmental models of drug abuse, addiction, and treatment.... [tags: Addiction, Drug addiction, Withdrawal]
1072 words (3.1 pages)
- Drug Addiction: A Brain Disease. When people hear the words drug addict, these words have negative connotations and stigmas attached to them. People visualize a person who does not care about anything, including family, work, or commitments, except for obtaining money to buy drugs to get high. However, there are many people who are drug addicts that maintain a normal, functioning life. Before we can examine why these people are addicted to drugs, one must first define the word addict. George F. Koob defines addiction as a compulsion to take a drug without control over the intake and a chronic relapse disorder (1).... [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
746 words (2.1 pages)
- Addiction Is a Brain Disease According to Leshner, drug addiction is a chronic brain disease that is expressed in the form of compulsive behaviors (Leshner, 2001). He believes that drug addiction is influence by both biological, and behavioral factors, and to solve this addiction problem we need to focus on these same factors. On the other hand, Neil Levy argues that addiction is not a brain disease rather it is a behavioral disorder embedded in social context (Levy, 2013). I believe, drug addiction is a recurring brain disease that can be healed when we alter and eliminate all the factors that are reinforcing drug addiction.... [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Psychoactive drug]
1019 words (2.9 pages)
- For the past 200 years, the world has contemplated the question whether addiction is a medical disease, mental disorder, a behavioral condition, a voluntary choice, a moral misconduct or possibly a combination of all of these. None of these concepts alone provide comprehensive and exhaustive definition of substance abuse. Advances in addiction science, fear of wrongly pathologizing individuals without pathologies, the need for more effective treatment and even stronger desire to explore and understand the nature of addiction have fueled this debate, making it even more intense.... [tags: Addiction, Drug addiction, Substance abuse]
1672 words (4.8 pages)
- Is Addiction a Brain Disease. There is a debate as to whether addiction a brain disease or not. There are many different types of addictions, substance abuse and gambling being two. The major debate that arises most is that addiction is a voluntary activity, yet it turns into a compulsory involuntary behavior. However, most medical circles believe that addiction is a brain disease and even implies that this is based on genetics. And there are many methods that this is treated. In some cases, such as in the criminal justice system, addiction is treated with pharmaceutical medications.... [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Heroin, Psychology]
1279 words (3.7 pages)
- Addiction is a complex disease because it affects individuals in different ways. This is most apparent when researching how it differs between the genders. Simply put, addiction impacts more men, but more severely impacts the lives of women. Why does this difference exists. There are several reasons, most of them biological, psychological, and cultural. Men Use Higher Amounts...But Develop Addiction More Slowly Multiple studies have confirmed the fact that men are more likely to experiment with drugs and to use them at a higher rate than women.... [tags: Addiction, Drug addiction, Alcoholism, Gender role]
983 words (2.8 pages)
- ... For example, sclerosis is not started by the person it is just something that occurs. Lastly, it implies that addicts can never free themselves from their drug addiction. The scientists from the mid 1990s who classified addiction as a brain disease had a good idea. They were trying and hoping to raise money for the treatment of addicts. “According to Volkow and other neuroscientists, “ ‘brain disease’ ” refers to disruptions in the brain’s motivational and reward circuitry that result from the cumulative effect of repeated use of certain substances.” Drug use that started out slow builds up and becomes harder and harder to control to the point of even being considered as automatic, th... [tags: drug, abuse, addiction, brain, disease]
631 words (1.8 pages)