Drug Abuse And Substance Abuse Essay example

Drug Abuse And Substance Abuse Essay example

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Unfortunately, due to lack of maturity and an impulsive nature, many people start experimenting in the adolescent years. According to Johnston, O’Malley, & Schulenberg (as cited in National Institute of Drug Abuse, 2014), “by the time they are seniors, almost 70 percent of high school students will have tried alcohol, half will have taken an illegal drug, nearly 40 percent will have smoked a cigarette, and more than 20 percent will have used a prescription drug for a nonmedical purpose” (p. 8). The pubescence years are a time of significant physical, psychological, social, emotional, and intellectual development. Drug use during this period can increase the risk for problems with knowledge, attention, memory, judgment, and behavior, as well as, increase their risk for future substance abuse and addiction. Psychoactive drugs affect people in various ways; however, they all increase the brain chemical dopamine, which controls reward and pleasure.
Adolescents can develop addiction for different reasons including being predisposed genetically, their age of introduction to drugs, environmental surroundings, and family impact. According to Dyer (2013), adolescents that live in severe poverty are at higher risk of abusing substances as a coping mechanism because they have a tendency to “feel rage, distrust, and hopelessness about their home life” (p. 32). The serious health consequences and future brain damage from abusing drugs at such an early age is the key reason for early prevention and the proper treatment plan as quickly as possible. According to NIH (2014),”the development of addiction can be a brutal cycle: Continuous drug use can modify key brain structures essential for prudence and self-discipline decreasing their power to q...


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...owell, 2014). After one year, Muhmut moved out of the center and started working for the owners – working at a clothing distribution center for the needy and is still living a drug-free life (Cavusoglu, Yancar, & Powell, 2014). This is one illustration of how proper treatment can lead to an adolescent successfully being rehabilitated, which prevented him from entering the criminal system and now leads a productive life giving back to his community. In conclusion, there have been numerous studies done over the last few years providing evidence for the need to provide proper assessment and treatment of substance abuse for today’s youth because they are our future. Most adolescents do not voluntarily seek treatment due to the stigma and lack of affordable care; therefore, it is essential to make substance abuse treatment for adolescents more accessible and affordable.

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