A self-driving or fully autonomous car is a car with level 4 autonomy that is capable of sensing unique environments and navigating without the need for human guidance. The National Highway Transportation and Safety Administration has four levels of driving automation. Level one includes a function-specific automation, level two includes two or more function-specific automations, level three includes limited self-driving automation, and level four includes full automation with no human required. (NHTSA 4)
Some of the most common driving jobs are at risk because of this technology. One of the biggest jobs in America is truck driving. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, in the United States, there were about 1.8 million truck drivers in 2014 which amounts to about
$67 billion in income. Another area of concern is service drivers. ("Heavy and Tractor-trailer Truck Drivers.") This area involves drivers which serve other people such as delivery drivers, taxi drivers, bus drivers, and drivers of more recently founded ride-sharing apps like Uber. The r...
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...he economy. The already well aged workers will have nowhere else to go if their jobs are replaced by self driving cars. This also brings up more controversy of this being a gateway for the economic pressure to completely replace human labor with machine labor, causing moral issues with human rights activists believing that they shouldn’t simply be replaced by a machine. These workers would have to be supported by unemployment programs and even retrained to work in other jobs. This creates even more problems as it isn’t very easy to teach an old dog new tricks. Many of these workers don’t have the knowledge, experience, or time to work in other professions which aren’t replaced by technology. Overall, the technology of fully autonomous automobiles creates an alternative to traditional driving that will likely improve economic efficiency, but disrupt the social balance.
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