Slavery was pervasive in the South of the United States, where virtually all states in this territory relied on cash crop farming and as such used the slaves to perform manual work. The slaves were treated harshly and subjected to horrible conditions to provide sordid labor. On the advent of President Abraham Lincoln’s rule, various reforms began that ushered in the battle for slave freedom. The northern states were utterly averse to slavery while about ten southern states clung on and defended it on the basis of managing their economy. This dissension culminated in the American civil war from 1861-1865. While opinions were diverse among individuals, the people in authority had an opportunity and great capability to put an end to the bloodiest war that raided America. In light of these historic events, this essay dwells on the views of contemporary mainstream American elites in the judicial system in order to determine the impact that they had in this battle.
Case Study: Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)
This was a legal matter that drove the United States from a state of uneasy peace to bitter conflict. For the last two decades of the eighteenth century to the mid-nineteenth century, there was the case of whether or not slavery was permissible in the new states. This threatened to weaken the Union. Dread Scott, drawn from Missouri to Chicago (Illinois and Minnesota) posts was a slave to John Emerson, who was an army surgeon. Scott sought legal action for his freedom in 1846, basing on the ground that he was staying in a Free State. The verdict ruled that African-Americans in slave territories were not free; African-Americans did not comprise the sovereign people who made...
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... period in history has there ever been a rationale of using color and race as a basis for citizenship. In addition, Taney’s view in retrospect is a profound hindrance to develop on every aspect. Embracing diversity is a pivotal factor in steering progress, such as is evident in the modern global world; countries trade with one another regardless of economic status or mere concerns of color.
The above considerations drove the United States into an unprecedented war. While McLean’s view was an informant of human rights to the slaves and all anti-slave proponents, Taney 's opinion and the consequential ruling was an incitement to a fight for emancipation. Therefore, it is justifiable to conclude that McLean’s contribution to the emancipation was a positive effect of the reconstruction while Taney’s conservative views were the triggers of a horrendous war.
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- Roger B. Taney and John McLean: On Dred Scott v. Sandford case Slavery was pervasive in the South of the United States, where virtually all states in this territory relied on cash crop farming and as such used the slaves to perform manual work. The slaves were treated harshly and subjected to horrible conditions to provide sordid labor. On the advent of President Abraham Lincoln’s rule, various reforms began that ushered in the battle for slave freedom. The northern states were utterly averse to slavery while about ten southern states clung on and defended it on the basis of managing their economy.... [tags: American Civil War, Slavery in the United States]
1111 words (3.2 pages)
- In 1857, the United States Supreme Court made a stunning decision to uphold slavery in the territories, denied the legality of black citizenship, and declared the Missouri Compromise of 1820 unconstitutional. The Supreme Court case, DRED SCOTT VS. SANDFORD reached the Supreme Court in 1857 after the Missouri Supreme Court against Scott in 1852. Scott’s next step was to take his case out of the state judicial system and into the federal judicial system. After going through the U.S Circuit Court for the District of Missouri it was finally heard by the Supreme Court.... [tags: Slavery in the United States]
1059 words (3 pages)
- Dred Scott v. Sandford Dred Scott was born a slave in the state of Virginia around the 1800's. Around 1833 he was purchased from his original owner, Peter Blow, by John Emerson, an officer in the United States Army. Dr. Emerson took Dred Scott to the free state of Illinois to live, and under it's constitution, he was eligible to be free. In around 1836, Dred Scott and his owner moved to Wisconsin territory, a territory that was free under the Missouri compromise. It was in Wisconsin that Dred Scott met and married Harriet Robinson.... [tags: Legal Law]
1089 words (3.1 pages)
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1907 words (5.4 pages)
- ... Emerson after the two got married. After being married Scott and Harried both remained at Fort Snelling hired out to a local resident even after Dr. Emerson moved back to St. Louis in 1837. Still, with the army, Dr. Emerson was transferred to Louisiana so he called the Scotts to come back to him. The Scotts moved back into a slave territory voluntarily until Dr. Emerson’s work was done. Eventually, the couple ended up back in St. Louis where they were hired out to grocers upon their return to the state.... [tags: Slavery in the United States]
1380 words (3.9 pages)
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844 words (2.4 pages)
- The Dred Scott Decision The Dred Scott decision of the Supreme Court in March 1857 was one of the major steps on the road to secession. Dred Scott was a slave who was taken to Missouri from Virginia and sold. His new master then moved to Illinois (a free state) for a while but soon moved back to Missouri. Upon his master's death, Scott claimed that since he had resided in a free state, he was consequentially a free man. The case eventually made it to the Supreme Court. As stated by Supreme Court Justice C.... [tags: American History]
2548 words (7.3 pages)