On Dec. 20, 1860, South Carolina will secede from the nation however it did not intend to go it alone. Soon, six more states—Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas and Louisiana—renounced their compact with the United States. After Confederate artillery fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861, Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to put down the rebellion. This led four more states— Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee—to secede; they refused to take up arms against their Southern brot...
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...l, Joseph Story, and Daniel Webster countered the Calhoun argument. They declared that the Constitution operated directly through the states on the people, not upon the states as corporate bodies, and their view gained wide acceptance in the free states.
In summary, the confederate states actions were really unconstitutional and a detriment to the nation of America. If allowed to gain legitimacy, they would have destroyed the constitution and the Union so carefully brought together by the Founding Fathers. Abraham Lincoln’s election as president in 1860 gave southern secessionists the chance they had been waiting for. Determined to win independence, eleven states left the union and formed the confederate states of America which resulted in the Civil War, the bloodiest conflict in American history. It ended with the South decisively defeated and the union preserved.
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