The Dred Scott Decision Case Essay

The Dred Scott Decision Case Essay

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Before the Civil War, the country was separating between North and South. The causes of this splitting are disagreements over tariffs and the matter of slavery, which was legal in the South but had gradually been banned by states north of the Mason-Dixon Line. As the US acquired new territories in the west, unpleasant disputes erupted over whether or not slavery would be legitimate in those newly acquired territories. Southerners became paranoid and began to believe the addition of new non-slaveholding states but no new slaveholding states would give control of the government to abolitionists, and the institution of slavery would be outlawed completely. The slave holding south increasingly felt its interests were threatened, particularly since slavery had been prohibited in much of the new territory that had been added west of the Mississippi River. The Missouri Compromise, the Dred Scott Decision case, the issue of Popular Sovereignty, and John Brown‘s Raid On Harpers Ferry all played a role in the intensifying debate. Whereas once Southerners had talked of an emancipation process that would gradually end slavery, they increasingly took a hard line in favor of perpetuating it forever.
On Dec. 20, 1860, South Carolina will secede from the nation however it did not intend to go it alone. Soon, six more states—Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas and Louisiana—renounced their compact with the United States. After Confederate artillery fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861, Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to put down the rebellion. This led four more states— Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee—to secede; they refused to take up arms against their Southern brot...

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...l, Joseph Story, and Daniel Webster countered the Calhoun argument. They declared that the Constitution operated directly through the states on the people, not upon the states as corporate bodies, and their view gained wide acceptance in the free states.
In summary, the confederate states actions were really unconstitutional and a detriment to the nation of America. If allowed to gain legitimacy, they would have destroyed the constitution and the Union so carefully brought together by the Founding Fathers. Abraham Lincoln’s election as president in 1860 gave southern secessionists the chance they had been waiting for. Determined to win independence, eleven states left the union and formed the confederate states of America which resulted in the Civil War, the bloodiest conflict in American history. It ended with the South decisively defeated and the union preserved.

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