Dred Scott A Free Man Or A Slave?

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Dred Scott v. Sandford Was Dred Scott a free man or a slave? The Dred Scott v. Sandford case is about a slave named Dred Scott from Missouri who sued for his freedom. His owner, John Emerson, had taken Scott along with him to Illinois which was one of the states that prohibited slavery. Scott’s owner later passed away after returning back to Missouri. After suits and counter suits the case eventually made it to the Supreme Court with a 7-2 decision. Chief Justice Taney spoke for the majority, when saying that Dred Scott could not sue because he was not a citizen, also that congress did not have the constitutional power to abolish slavery, and that the Missouri compromise was unconstitutional. The case is very important, because it had a lot of influence on slavery and it showed how unfair the judicial system was towards African Americans. I chose this case to learn more about Dred Scott and why the judges made the decision they did. Dred Scott was a slave of a U.S. Army surgeon, John Emerson, in Missouri. In 1834, Scott left the slave state of Missouri with Emerson and then moved to Illinois, a state that prohibited slavery. Then later moved to Wisconsin which was a free state by the Missouri Compromise. Several years later Emerson died after him and Scott returned to Missouri. Now Scott’s family was left to his wife, Eliza Irene Sandford. From working different jobs and saving for years Scott wanted to buy his family freedom (McBride 1). Unfortunately, Mrs. Emerson refused, so Scott sued Mrs. Emerson. Scott argued that he spent time in a free state and free territory where slavery is banned. Which makes him a free man (Konkoly1). In 1850, as tension from issues dealing with slavery continues to grow the state circuit court fi... ... middle of paper ... ... 13th amendment and 14th amendment. The 13th amendment had abolish slavery in the U.S. and the 14th amendment gave African Americans citizenship and also individual rights (Konkoly 1). After researching this case I’ve learned Dred Scott and I now know why the justices made the decision they did. In my opinion Dred Scott was free man after the circuit court ruled in his favor. Work Cited Page • Konkoly, Toni. "The Supreme Court. Law, Power & Personality. Famous Dissents. Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) |." PBS. N.p., n.d. • McBride, Mike. "The First Hundred Years. Landmark Cases. Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2015. • Taney, Roger. "Dred Scott v. Sandford." TeachingAmericanHistory.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov Web. 17 Nov. 2015... 2015. • "The Dred Scott Decision." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2015.

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