Essay on Down Syndrome : Congenital Condition

Essay on Down Syndrome : Congenital Condition

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Down syndrome is congenital condition in which there is presence of an extra 21st chromosome. In every human being there is an small yet intricate hub that holds genetic material called the nucleus. This genetic material is carried by genes and each and every one of our main characteristics or traits is grouped together next to an imperative structure called a chromosome. When an individual has an extra 21st chromosome, they experience a disorder in which the person experiences “intellectual disability, a characteristic facial appearance, and weak muscle tone (or hypotonia) in infancy. All affected individuals experience cognitive delays, but the intellectual disability is usually mild to moderate” (Genetics HR). This condition can be found in the nucleus; it is a result of the malfunction of the thread-like structures called chromosomes as discussed earlier. Down syndrome is a fairly common genetic condition. It is stated that “one in every 691 babies in the united states is born with Down syndrome” (NDSS.org). Also, “approximately 400,000 Americans have Down syndrome and about 6,000 babies with Down syndrome are born in the United States each year” (NDSS.org). This condition primarily is diagnosed with children and affects these people for the rest of their lives. “Down syndrome occurs in people of all races and economic levels” (NDSS.org). This means that almost everyone is at risk for down syndrome, attributing to the notion that it is the most common disorder.
There is only one specific cause of down syndrome ultimately creating three different genetic variations of the disorder. The most imperative cause is “when abnormal cell division involving chromosome 21 occurs” (MayoClinic). When this happens, there is extra genetic ...


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...is one of the most popular conditions, which leads many to believe that there is much hope in the curing of this condition. Soon in the future our society will be able to rectify this condition and create life changing procedures that can get rid of this disorder once and for all. It is a hinderance on the learning of individuals, and scientists everyday are trying their hardest to develop a cure. This is a rare yet present condition that can be found all over the world. Personally, most can look at the individual affected with this condition and really understand how lucky they are. The people afflicted with this condition are beautiful, interesting, talented, and are able to achieve great things. Rather than seeing them as disabled peoples, we should help them and let them express themselves in many ways. Down syndrome is a condition that can and will be conquered.

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