Down Syndrome: An Intellectual and Developmental Disability Essay

Down Syndrome: An Intellectual and Developmental Disability Essay

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While completing a course on children with exceptionalities we used the textbook “Educating Exceptional Children”. While this textbook covered a variety of exceptionalities, I chose to research one further, Down syndrome. It is one of the most common and easily identified exceptionality and based on the higher prevalence of Down syndrome about 1 in 733 births ("About Down Syndrome") I believe that this may be one of the exceptionality I will have an increased chance of encountering during my teaching career.

Identifying Down syndrome

Down syndrome is a genetic condition which can cause intellectual and developmental disabilities. Persons affected with Down syndrome have the common will have an additional chromosome; instead of 46, they have 47 chromosomes. Down syndrome occurs in about one in every 733 births, making it one of the most common birth defect ("About Down Syndrome"). The physical traits shared by Down syndrome children and adults make this genetic defect easily recognizable. As described on the website, The Arc (2010), these physical traits may include flattening of the back of the head, eyelids that slant upwards and outwards, small skin with folds at the inner corner of the eyes, flattened noses, small ears and a small mouth which will make the tongue seem large. Most will have decreased muscle tone, loose ligaments, small hands and feet, and overall, a smaller statue. There are two features that are not so recognizable and will affect fifty percent of those with Down syndrome; one line across the palm, and a big space between the first and second toes. Like most exceptionalities, not every child will have all of the physical characteristics described and may only show evidence of a few, yet others will exhibit...


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...nd Learning." Down Syndrome Education International. N.p.. Web. 3 Dec 2013.
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"Down Syndrome." The Arc - For people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Dec 2013. .
"Facts and FAQ About Down Syndrome." Global Down Syndrome Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov 2013. .
Kirk, Samuel, James Gallagher, Mary Ruth Coleman, and Nick Anastasiow. Educating Exceptional Children. 13th . Canada: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2013. 32, 181, 185- 186. Print.
"What is Cognitive Development." A to Z of Brain, Mind and Learning. Remedium, n.d. Web. 13 Nov 2013. .

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