Double burden of malnutrition in India - Undernutrition and Overnutrition

Double burden of malnutrition in India - Undernutrition and Overnutrition

Length: 2186 words (6.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Double burden of malnutrition in India - Undernutrition and Overnutrition

The nutritional double burden, encompassing both undernutrition (stunting, underweight and wasting) and overnutrition (overweight and obesity), has become an important public health challenge in many developing countries. Globally, an estimated 99 million under-five year olds were underweight in 2012, with the low- and -middle income countries of Asia accounting for more than 70 percent of these undernourished children (WHO, 2012a). Although many developing countries have achieved significant reductions in the prevalence of undernutrition during the past two decades, the pace of decline was slow and insufficient to meet the Millennium Development Goals (UN, 2012).

Another emerging issue of nutritional burden in many developing countries is overnutrition. This recent issue may not only mean that the proportion of the overweight people is increasingly growing in these countries, but also that its socioeconomic impacts are likely to be felt more severely than developed countries (Schmidhuber et al., 2005). This could be because many developing countries lack an adequate health care system and health personnel that could help prevent and deal with the problems of overnutrition. It may also be due to the undernutrition issues that remain unsolved in these countries, since they may still combat nutritional deficiency-related problems and infectious diseases with the limited health budget and health capacity.

Previous studies have shown that a rapid transition in dietary patterns in many developing countries has resulted in the coexistence of underweight and overweight people within the same country (Clydette et al., 2007). The nutrition transition...

... middle of paper ...

...ociation for the Study of Obesity. 10(4), pp. 456-474

World Bank, 2005. India’s Undernourished Children: A call for reform and Action. Available at: [Accessed 5 January 2014]

World Health Organization, 2012a. Regional Nutrition Strategy: Addressing malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies (2011-2015). Available at: [Accessed 27 December 2013]

World Health Organization, 2012b. WHO Country Cooperation Strategy India 2012-2017. Available at: [Accessed 3 January 2014]

World Health Organization, 2013. World health statistics 2013. Available at: [Accessed 5 January 2014]

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay Difference Between Undernutrition And Malnutrition

- 1. What is the difference between undernutrition and malnutrition. In our reading, the definition of undernutrition and malnutrition is; malnutrition is caused by deficiencies, excesses, or imbalances in energy, protein, and/or other nutrients, while undernutrition is caused by intake that is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. The meaning of undernutrition is insufficient food intake which results in stunting, wasting, deficiencies in vitamins and minerals, low weight....   [tags: Nutrition, Malnutrition, Food]

Term Papers
814 words (2.3 pages)

Malnutrition Is A Serious Concern Across The Globe Essay

- Malnutrition is a serious concern across the globe. With an increase of malnutrition there are increasing rates of disease. Therefore, global health is extremely affected by this. In order to assess this problem, we must first be educated and understand how and why certain populations are affected. With knowledge and the willingness to help others, we can hope to continue to decrease the rates of malnutrition. The first step in tackling the issue of malnutrition is to understand it. Undernutrition and obesity are the two concerns here....   [tags: Nutrition, Obesity, Malnutrition, Poverty]

Term Papers
1166 words (3.3 pages)

Prevalence Of Malnutrition And Nutritional Risk Factors Essay

- Prevalence of malnutrition and nutritional risk factors in patients undergoing alcohol and drug treatment Lynda J. Ross, Michael Wilson, Merrilyn Banks, Fiona Rezannah, Mark Daglish Journal- Nutrition 28 (2012). p. 728-743 Page length- 3-4, double spaced “Aim to identify prevalence of malnutrition and nutritional risk factors in patients admitted for substance-use treatment and to identify specific nutritional issues, including appetite, diet quality, and micronutrient undernutrition, to provide specific dietetic advice to patients.” “Purpose of study was to assess a need for nutritional assessment and intervention in detoxification units at a local level.” “The prevalence of malnutrition re...   [tags: Nutrition, Obesity, Malnutrition, Vitamin]

Term Papers
956 words (2.7 pages)

Malnutrition Is The Most Dangerous Form Of Malnutrition Essay example

- Facing challenges is inevitable but urgent when it comes to saving lives. One must surpass the limitations placed and search for opportunity to strengthen others who have no control over mortality. Giving up is old news. Hearing about child hunger and doing nothing is injustice. There are victories to find cures and treatments for severe diseases, but one must go through the battle first to achieve such satisfaction. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), malnutrition is the most serious threat to global public health....   [tags: Malnutrition, Nutrition, Public health, Plumpy'nut]

Term Papers
993 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Behaviors Associated With Child Malnutrition

- Behaviors associated with child malnutrition The culture of India and some behavioral norms that are common in this population can influence rates of childhood malnutrition. A culture of gender inequality not only affects women’s decision making abilities regarding their children’s nutrition, but also creates nutritional differences between boys and girls in a single home. In families who can afford to feed a good diet to all of their children, boys are fed rich diets and girls are fed poor diets, despite the ability to provide for all children equally (Gultati, 2010)....   [tags: Poverty, Nutrition, Malnutrition, Obesity]

Term Papers
1049 words (3 pages)

Increasing Rates of Child Malnutrition in India Essay

- INTRODUCTION Malnutrition is a critical issue that affects children worldwide. Given that, the social determinants of health are defined as "the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, including the health system"(World Health Organization, 2009). These conditions are 'shaped by the distribution of money, power and resources at global, national and local levels"( World Health Organization, 2009). More generally, when dealing with the issue of child malnutrition, there are many leading factors that contribute to the issue....   [tags: world hunger]

Term Papers
2884 words (8.2 pages)

Essay on Child Malnutrition : A Major Public Health Issue

- Epidemiology Child malnutrition is a major public health issue that has been gaining attention in recent years. India is home to nearly 40% of the world’s malnourished children, one of the highest proportions of this population in the world. In India, 2.5 million children die annually and more than half of these deaths are preventable with proper nourishment. According to the Global Hunger Index, a measure of insufficient food availability, child malnutrition, and child mortality based on information captured by the United Nations, India is 96th out of 116 counties when it comes to hunger (von Braun, Ruel, & Gulati, 2008)....   [tags: Malnutrition, Poverty, Nutrition]

Term Papers
1217 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about Malnutrition

- Malnutrition is both a cause and a consequence of ill-health. The term malnutrition can apply to various states – under-nutrition, over-nutrition or deficiencies of specific nutrients (8).Malnutrition is common but under-recognised in the elderly. Clinicians are seldom taught about the subject during their undergraduate or postgraduate level.Malnutrition can lead to serious consequences in terms of morbidity and mortality (5).Undernutrition is a global problem that is usually caused by a lack of food or alimited range of foods that provide inadequate amounts of specific nutrients or other food components, e.g....   [tags: Health, Nutrition Related Diseases]

Term Papers
1447 words (4.1 pages)

Malnutrition Essay examples

- Introduction Malnutrition is a global challenge in low-income and middle-income countries particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia (Shetty, 2002, Black, et al., 2008). More than ten million children under five years of age die annually worldwide and percentage of child deaths in sub-Saharan Africa is approximately 41% and another 34% in south Asia (Black, et al., 2003). It was estimated that more than 50% of these child deaths could be attributed to the potentiating effects of malnutrition in infectious disease such as diarrhoea, pneumonia, malaria, tuberculosis, and other infections (Rice, et al., 2000, Caulfield, et al., 2004)....   [tags: Social Issues, Poverty, Vitamin Deficiency]

Term Papers
1804 words (5.2 pages)

The Double Helix Essay

- The Double Helix   "The discovery of the structure by Crick and Watson, with all its biological implications, has been one of the major scientific events of this century." (Bragg, The Double Helix, p1) In the story of The Double Helix, James Watson tells of the road that led to the discovery of life's basic building block-DNA. This autobiography gives insight into science and the workings within a professional research laboratory that few members of society will ever be able to experience....   [tags: Double Helix Essays]

Term Papers
1858 words (5.3 pages)