Essay about Dostoevsky 's Novel, The Interpretation Of Dreams

Essay about Dostoevsky 's Novel, The Interpretation Of Dreams

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Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis once wrote, “The interpretation of dreams is the royal road to a knowledge of the unconscious activities of the mind” (Freud 1). This remark appears in Freud’s work named, “The Interpretation of Dreams”. Freud’s comment demonstrates that because dreams are such an unconscious activity, they give a direct intuition into the workings of the senseless mind, meaning that a dream shows a person’s unrestrained feeling that an individual cannot show to others easily. The idea that dreams can give a direct insight into a person’s mind is seen clearly throughout Fyodor Dostoevsky’s Crime and Punishment. Dostoevsky uses dreams as a symbol to portray the internal conflicts of Raskolnikov through his four dreams.
In Raskolnikov’s first dream, he imagines himself as a seven year old boy with his father. As they walk, both of them noticed a drunken man named Mikolka, and a group of drunken friends beating his mare to death. This dream foreshadowed the murder of Alyona Ivanova. The mare in the dream symbolized Alyona while the young Raskolnikov and Mikolka portray the conflicting halves of Raskolnikov. The seven year old showed Raskolnikov’s guiltless and warmhearted side, this side reveals that Raskolnikov is able to show compassion and actually feels that he does not want to commit the murder. On the contrary, Mikolka represents the side with having no emotion towards the murder. Mikolka felt the horse was useless and is not doing any good to society and the people around, he also felt that society would benefit from the horse’s death. The exact same way that Raskolnikov feels about Alyona. Raskolnikov felt that people living in poverty would benefit from Alyona’s death. After completing the murder, ...


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...lieved that he was above the law and everyone else but the dream strips him of his feelings of humanity and this made him rejoin the society. Raskolnikov accepts the fact that he is just a human like everyone else and is not any better than anyone else. This dream made a great impression on Raskolnikov, he experienced repentance and the resurrection of his soul.
Fyodor Dostoevsky demonstrates that dreams portray the inner feelings of Raskolnikov. The first one is before the murder and showed the conflicting halves of Raskolnikov, the young boy that represented the innocent side having no guts to pursue the crime, and Mikolka’s side that had no feelings about the crime. The second and the third dream, shows Raskolnikov’s guilt for commiting the crime and showed him he may not be extraordinary. The last dream strips him off his superiority and made him rejoin society.

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