From the reported bite reports, domesticated animals far outnumber wild animals in reported potential exposures to the rabies virus. About 95% of the bite reports resulted from companion animals, with dogs recorded as causing the most potential exposures. This is a clear observation that majority of the potential exposures resulted from human contact with cats and dogs. Unfortunately, the compliance with rabies vaccination requirements from pet owners is not on a satisfactory level to ensure that spill over does not occur and put people at risk of contracting rabies. The lack of observance coming from Louisiana pet owners exemplifies public ignorance of regulations and is a testimony to the potential public health risk. The success of rabies prevention programs has historically involved decreasing the capacity of animals to serve as reservoirs, which is frequently accomplished through animal vaccination programs2,7,8,16,18. There has been a mass reduction in the dog variant of the rabies virus from 10,000 per year to a few hundred, while on the other extreme, wildlife rabies cases have equally increased18. Although some states have implemented ORV programs to help prevent spillover infections, domesticated animals are still very much at risk of being infected by wildlife variants of the rabies virus, like when coyotes in South Texas infected domesticated dogs18. One study indicated that failure to comply with vaccination requirements and other suggestions for good pet ownership may reflect owner attitudes that tolerate or encourage aggressive behavior by the animal1. In 2007, a rabid dog was reported in Louisiana, further demonstrating the danger to unvaccinated pets. The lack of adherence to regulations illustrates the need fo...
... middle of paper ...
...ed to address the incidence rate of various routes that increase the risk of rabies exposure in Louisiana.
From the data of incidence rates, it was addressed if there is a significance in the frequencies of when bites occur pertaining to a person’s age, gender, and residency in the state. Also, the changes of incidences of bites between risk categories and at what times of the year the risks peak were observed. Risk categories have been made to help assess the risk of a person’s occupation in relation to the risk of potentially contracting rabies via an animal bite or scratch. With this information, it was determined if any changes to the current rabies control program need to be made. Furthermore, the data gave further insight on who is more at risk to being exposed to the rabies virus, which can be used by public health officials in rabies prevention programs.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- he horse, Equus ferus caballus, is a subspecies from the family Equidae. Over the past 50 million years, through survival adaptations, the common horse has evolved from a relatively small, multi-toed animal into the large, single toed animal known today (Wilson,. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore). Domestication of the common horse is believed to have started around 4000 BC, becoming common during the early 3000 BC (Wilson,. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore). Domestication is a process in which wild species are removed their natural habitat and are acclimatised to surviving and breeding in captive.... [tags: History of Horses, Wild, Domesticated]
1546 words (4.4 pages)
- In accordance with the Welfare of Wild Animals in Travelling Circuses (England) Regulations 2012, a travelling circus is defined as ‘a circus in which travels from place to place for the purpose of giving performances, displays or exhibitions’ and ‘a circus as part of which wild animals are kept or introduced (whether for the purpose of performance, display or otherwise). The circus is said to have originated in the 1700s, with a one-time Sergeant Major in the 15th Light Dragoons, Philip Astley performing on horseback, demonstrating equestrian expertise in London based shows, (Broonman & Legge, 1999; Stoddart, 2000).... [tags: traveling circuses, wild animals]
1623 words (4.6 pages)
- Would you like to see animals behind bars or have a great communication with them face to face. People now set up national parks in order to protect edge species, which are facing extinction made by human development. In the other hands, people set up zoos for animal study but more for entertainment. Because of several reasons, animals should be kept in national parks instead of zoos for the sake of animal protection. There are some facts about them to help understanding and comparing their work and function.... [tags: animals, extinction, zoo]
1099 words (3.1 pages)
- Common house cats are domesticated animals, and that means they are meant to depend on and coexist with humans, not live in the wild. In most environments, cats are not native species and are therefore invasive, and like most invasive species are a threat to their environment. Not only are they a threat to their environment, but “of primary concern is the welfare of the cats themselves, particularly of kittens, which suffer >50% mortality prior to maturity” (Levy 64). Despite this, feral cat populations continue to rise and in order to stop this trend, humans need to intervene and put in a good effort to help protect both cats and the environment.... [tags: domesticated animals, unwanted felines ]
1459 words (4.2 pages)
- Domestication of the horse took place 5-6,000 years ago, near the end of the Neolithic period. It is almost certain that it first took place in Eurasia, through the nomadic Aryan tribes, around the Black and Caspian Seas. It is from this point in the history of the world that the existence of truly wild horses begins to decline; their place taken by domestic stock. Horses are located all over the world, depending on their location and the traits they poses; they have all since been given specific breeds.... [tags: Animals]
1342 words (3.8 pages)
- With the domestication of wolves came the floppy ears, playfulness, colored coats, and barking of the dog we know and love today. Interestingly enough, when an experiment was performed on silver foxes these same traits appeared after domestication. Belyaev, a Russian geneticist, conducted this experiment by breeding the tamer foxes. Belyaev bred twenty generations of the tamest foxes until the foxes resembled dogs more than they resembled foxes. In the wild there is no artificial selection so dog domestication definitely took a lot longer.... [tags: foxes, wolves, dogs, species]
609 words (1.7 pages)
- African Wild Dogs, or Lycaon pictus, are indigenous to many parts of sub-Saharan Africa. They, along with wolves and domesticated dogs, are classified in the kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, and family Canidae, so all three species share many similar characteristics (Woodroffe & Sillero-Zubiri, 2012). Lycaon pictus translates to “painted wolf,” referring to the unique brown, gold, black, and white mottling of their coats which allows recognition of individuals.... [tags: Lycaon Pictus, Wild Dogs, Sub Saharan Africa]
860 words (2.5 pages)
- As humans, having cats as pets they are expected to adapt to human lifestyle and living conditions forgetting the fact that houses are not their natural environment. Cats, as do all animals, behave the way they do since it is in their nature, despite the opinion of some behaviors being inappropriate. A cat has no concept of what is deemed right or wrong and has to be able to understand what is desired of them to do or not to do in order to live a contented life in human surroundings. Part of the way a cat learns to understand a human is by humans understanding them and why they do what they do.... [tags: pets, domesticated animals]
1542 words (4.4 pages)
- The best chapter of The Call of the Wild is chapter six “For the Love of a Man.” Chapter six is the chapter in which Buck, the protagonist, begins to live with John Thurston. John saved Buck from his masters that were whipping him and clubbing him nearly to death. Nursing Buck back to health, the pair begins to form a bond like no other, a bond of unconditional, passionate, genuine love. The exuberant John always played with the carefree dogs, including Buck, Skeet and Nig. The bond that Buck and John have leaves them inseparable, and letting them communicate from sweet name callings, and gentle biting on the hand to show their affection.... [tags: American Literature]
1302 words (3.7 pages)
- In 1903, Jack London wrote his best selling novel, concerning the life of a sled dog that travels throughout Alaska, the Yukon, and the Klondike. Throughout this book Jack London uses personification to illustrate the dog’s viewpoint. London describes what adventures the dog encounters after being kidnapped from his Santa Clara Valley home to be taken to Alaska as a sled dog to help men pursue gold in the gold rush of 1897. Buck, is the name of this sled dog who experiences his primitive life style for the first time after many forays through Canada and Alaska.... [tags: essays research papers]
978 words (2.8 pages)