Domestic Violence And Its Effects Essay

Domestic Violence And Its Effects Essay

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Domestic violence can generally be defined as the use of intimidation, physical assault, sexual assault, verbal abuse, or any other abusive behavior as a means of power or control over someone by one intimate partner against another. Domestic violence includes a wide range of violence such as physical violence, sexual violence, psychological violence, and emotional abuse. The frequency and severity of domestic violence will vary between each couple and in each pattern of violence. It is important to note that everyone is a potential victim of domestic violence. This is not a problem that effects one gender or one ethnic group. Individuals in every setting, regardless of age, economic status, sexual orientation, gender, race, religion, or ethnicity is a potential victim. Domestic violence can be accompanied by controlling behavior, a constant suspicion and groundless accusations of deception. Domestic violence can result in physical injury, psychological trauma, substance abuse, mental health issues and in severe cases, even death.
Domestic violence often occurs in a pattern that is easily predictable by professionals. Lenore E. Walker, an American psychologist, created a model which describes this pattern. The model was called the cycle of abuse. This pattern has four stages. First there is tension. The tension rises and raises until a violent act takes place. Then there is a reconciliation stage. During this stage the abuser may be kind, loving and resemble the person they were before the violence started. This is a period of calm which can last for a single day, for weeks or for months. However, eventually the tensions begin to build again and the cycle repeats.
Victims who live in these cycles of abuse are often in a cons...


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...each year.
Drug courts are based on deterrence theory. Deterrence theory that states criminal laws are passed with punishments designed to discourage individuals from becoming repeat offenders in the criminal system and also discourage other individuals in society from doing similar criminal activity. Since criminal law’s primary goal is to discourage members of society from committing criminal acts out of fear of punishment and they would receive no permanent benefit from their wrongdoing. Drug courts enforce meaningful sanctions so defendants will recognize the impact of their behavior. They quickly see that there is a cost associated with non-compliance and rewards for following rules (Linquest, Krebs, & Lattimore, 2006). The theory suggests that if a person believes there will be an immediate, negative consequence for their behavior then they are less likely to

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