Essay on Domestic Violence Against Women

Essay on Domestic Violence Against Women

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The World Health Organization defines violence as:
“The intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, mal-development or deprivation”.
WHO has declared violence against women both a public health problem and a violation of human rights.
Violence against women is of many types and has many faces. Also called Gender-based violence, public health experts around the world have called it the “Hidden Epidemic”. (ref)
Violence against women is an age-old practice but it was only in the last decade of the 20th century that it got recognition as a serious human rights issue.
Violence is broadly classified into two categories: Social violence that occurs in public places and usually between strangers and Domestic violence that occurs in households and usually between relatives.
It is violence in private life that comprises domestic violence against women. It is a global issue that cuts across all geographic, social, cultural and ethnic boundaries. Although it is the most shameful of all human rights violations, yet it is acceptable in communities around the world regarded as part of their social and cultural norms.
This paper aims to discuss domestic violence against women living in South Asia with specific focus on Pakistan. It attempts to discuss the types of domestic violence against women in Pakistan, the factors underlying such violence with an analysis of the health and human rights issues involved.
BACKGROUND
South Asia has an impressive record of women reaching the highest political positions.India, Srilanka , Bangladesh and Pakistan all h...


... middle of paper ...


...n rights theory and practice(Yamin A 2008). Yamin (2008) argues that states must set priorities and allocate resources accordingly. Health priorities should be based on evidence of what is needed and what works best. The social, cultural and political factors which influence the victim’s health seeking and reporting domestic violence behaviours need to be addressed. Regarding health sector, these factors can be lack of availability of healthcare facility. There may be economic constraints, physical constraints, lack of information and cultural barriers or the poor quality of healthcare might deter women from seeking help. This can apply to other services like counseling and legal aid also.



Works Cited

Yamin, A. 2008. Beyond Compassion: The central role of Accountability in applying a human rights framework to health. Health and Human Rights, vol.10 (2); 1-20

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