I will be writing on the topic Does the Mind Exist? Analyzing it through the views of Rene Descartes “Meditation on First Philosophy”, Meditation VI and Paul Churchland “Eliminative Materialism”. Rene Descartes is a 17th Century French philosopher, a dualist who believes that the mind is distinct and separate from the body, that there is an immaterial mind and a material body and that imagination differs from understanding (Perry et.al 175). By doubting his belief and senses, Descartes proved that physical objects exist (Perry et.al 175). While Paul Churchland is a Canadian born modern day philosopher in the 19th century, He is a materialist who through his research and works in philosophy of neuroscience and study of the mind believes that “common sense psychology” is totally wrong (Perry et.al 287). To the materialist like Churchland, the mind does not really exist, all that there is, is matter. However, in this paper ‘Does the Mind Exist’, the views of Rene Descartes and Paul Churchland are presented, and I will be siding with Paul Churchland.
Descartes using mathematical principles states that physical objects for certain exist because mathematics can be comprehended “clearly and distinctly”. He went on to state that the understanding of mathematics clearly prove that physical objects exist and that certainly there is nothing impossible for God to create unless there is an inconsistency in him comprehending that thing clearly (Perry et.al 174). To further buttress this, he states that imagination is the application of the power of thought to a certain body which is immediately present to the thought and which must therefore exist (Perry et.al 174). Based on this premise, he went on to argue that imaginat...
... middle of paper ...
...called mind. Even Descartes affirm that among things that can be proven, mathematics and science is certain (Perry et.al 175).
Conclusively, humans are physical being, which can be felt and touched, from the time of conception achieved through the joining of sperm and egg (physical things) to when they are born and nurtured to adulthood, they are totally physical beings. The body being a physical thing and brain also physical like every other parts of the body like legs and stomach can be touched and felt in its functioning state, all parts grew and matured without a need to explain its development to a mental state, the development can be physically explained and how the brain impacted the development. And should the brain be totally damaged (brain dead) other parts of the body and its processes seize to function. How then can the body be an extension of the mind?
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction Theory of mind (ToM) is defined as the “awareness of one’s own mental processes and the mental processes of others” (Ciccarelli, 2013). According to Apperly (2012), Astington & Huges (2013) and Wellman (2011), interest in nature begins at a very young age. Three-year-old children should be able to perceive and understand through observation (Pratt & Bryant, 1990), discriminate positive/negative emotions, and distinguish one’s and other’s desires, which is a milestone in the development of ToM.... [tags: behavioral sciences, psychology, neuroscience]
888 words (2.5 pages)
- Russel Kirk was one of the main contributors to American intellectual conservatism. His work of 1953 is considered to be Kirk’s magnum opus. Author begins his book with the core ideas, which, he believes, appear to be essential for conservatism. What must be mentioned, however, is that Kirk does not provides a list of these six rules, which, according to him, arise to be dogmas of Anglo-American conservatism, but, rather, he proposes six characteristics that belong to a true conservative mind. First and foremost, Kirk asserts that universe if guided by a transcendent rule or body of natural law, that rules people s conscience and society in general.... [tags: characteristics, exist, rights]
2136 words (6.1 pages)
- Do we know other minds exist. If so, how. Based on similarities in characteristics and behavior alone are not sufficient proof to conclude other minds exist, however, if we breakdown the mind to its core and analyze the relation to our existence then I believe we can know other minds exist. I will use Aristotle’s Doctrine of the Four Causes to argue that knowledge of other minds is plausible. His doctrine suggests that the reason for something to come to be, can be attributed to four different types of causal factors; these can be applied to comprehend anything.... [tags: Mind, Perception, Causality, Psychology]
1074 words (3.1 pages)
- One of the biggest arguments that comes up in philosophy of any type is the existence of souls. Many people do believe that they have a soul while others believe they do not, each having their own reasons why. One of these arguments for not having a soul is just by looking at the brain. This is where our Emotions, Personality and memories come from and are stored. By taking a deep look into the brain, one can conclude that souls do not actually exist. There are many reasons for why the Soul cannot exist in the brain.... [tags: Psychology, Nervous system, Brain, Mind]
1339 words (3.8 pages)
- Do we exist because someone wants us to exist. What if we are just figments of a greater or just as equal or a far inferior beings imagination. One might have questioned our reality to be part of someone else’s imagination, but the thought of it being true scares us. The real reason one might choose to ignore this would be because if we really are a fragment of someone’s imagination, if we only exist in someone else’s reality, we might consider ourselves worthless or there’s a possibility that everything we have and everything around us, everything that we love could cease to exist in the blink of an eye.... [tags: Life, Existence, Meaning of life, Mind]
962 words (2.7 pages)
- I tend to shy away from the big questions - does God exist, what is ethics, do we have free will - because they are simply too big for my analytic mind to comprehend. I like the easy questions - what’s two plus two, what’s the equation of a hyperbola, what are the laws of gravity - because they have definite answers. It was not until my Big Questions and the Media class that I gained the ability to question the validity of these topics in other realms of life and real world situations. The big question that I found to be the hardest to digest was the debate about free will.... [tags: Mind, Free will, Thought, Brain]
981 words (2.8 pages)
- ... Knowledge of spells and symbolic numbers is often considered sacred and kept guarded. Those that possess such information can be seen as someone to be greatly respected or feared. Some cultures believe that the spell is the most important part of a ceremony or magical rite (“magic”, 2014). Materials used to perform magic are commonly referred to as “medicines” by most anthropologists. This lead to the popular use of the name “medicine men” in reference to magicians. Medicines used in spell-casting can be herbs, precious gems, animal remnants, or blessed objects.... [tags: human mind, rational explanation]
870 words (2.5 pages)
- Mind And Intelligence The mind-body problem has troubled many thinkers for centuries because it is not clear if mind and body interact with each other and/or how they interact with each other. Dualists ' claim is that the mind is a non-physical thing because it is impossible to be explained by physics; therefore, mind is different from the body. However, Dualism does not clearly explain what a non-physical mind is, and it simply ignores the fact that many ideas were thought to be impossible one day but now they are proven by physics.... [tags: Philosophy of mind, Mind, Psychology]
1253 words (3.6 pages)
- The body and the mind are seen as the two driving points in the development of a self. The “body” in the development of the self refers to the physiological body that is conscious and can make decisions. This part of the self is the physical self, and it experiences everything in the physical world. The “mind” is the area of the self that takes the information that is presented to it by the body, analyzes it, and reacts and changes the self accordingly. They both act in unison, but the mind cannot exist without the body, because the body is how the mind receives its information.... [tags: Mind, Philosophy of mind, Perception, Brain]
1514 words (4.3 pages)
- Most of the body’s functions such as, thinking, emotions, memories and so forth are controlled by the brain. It serves as a central nervous system in the human body. The mind is the intellect/consciousness that originates in the human brain and manifests itself in emotions, thoughts, perceptions and so forth. This means that the brain is the key interpreter of the mind’s content. Jackson and Nagel seem to resist identifying what we call “mental events” with brain events, for different reasons, while J.J.C.... [tags: Philosophy of mind, Mind, Brain, Dualism]
1732 words (4.9 pages)