“The question of whether the death penalty is a more effective deterrent than long-term imprisonment has been debated for decades or longer by scholars, policy makers, and the general public” (Radelet & Lacock, 2009).
When a defendant is convicted and sentenced to death, theoretically what follows is an execution. An execution doesn’t follow death sentences very swiftly, and in some cases at all for a variety of reasons. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reported that only 15% of people sentenced to death from 1973-2009 had been executed by the end of 2009. Of these cases, 46% ended in alternate ways (reversed convictions, commuted sentences, or the death of the inmate). Of the inmates sentenced to death during that period, 39% were still on death row in December of 2009. Because of the smaller number of executions than death sentences each year, the death row population has increased steadily. The number of prisoners facing a death sentence was just over 400 in 1977 (which was the first full year after reinstatement) and by 2009, it was close to 3,200. (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2010, Table 18).
“Proponents of capital punishment also argue that it deters individuals from committing murder. Critics of capital punishment hold that because most homicides are situational and are not planned, offenders do not consider the consequences of their actions before they commit the offense” (Mooney, Knox, & Schacht, 2015, p.133). Most people on death row committed their crimes in the heat of the moment, usually while under the influence of drugs or alcohol, or, in some cases, due to suffering from mental illness. ...
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...e underdeveloped prefrontal regions.
A primary purpose of the juvenile justice system is to hold juvenile offenders accountable for delinquent acts while providing treatment, rehabilitative services, and programs designed to prevent future involvement in law-violating behavior (Cothern, 2000). Under most laws, young people are recognized as adults at age 18. Emerging science about brain development suggests that most people don 't reach full maturity until the age 25.
I believe that juveniles should only be tried as adults depending on the seriousness and type of offense and the manner in which it was committed; the sophistication and maturity of the juvenile determined by their home life, environmental situation, emotional attitude, and pattern of living; the juvenile’s record and history; and the prospects for protecting the public and rehabilitating the juvenile.
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