The literature reviewed found that listening to classical music, in particular music written by Mozart produced only short term, if any, increased cognitive abilities and did not aid the intellectual development of children. This contradicts the claim made by Don Campbell of the Mozart effect resource website. Rauscher, Shaw and Ky (1993) the group who first coined the term ‘Mozart effect’ reported on a study investigating the effects of listening to Mozart on spatial task performance in adolescents. It was found in this study that listening to Mozart did in fact increase spatial task performance. However the enhanced effect only lasted 10 to 15 minutes (Rauscher, Shaw & Ky, 1993). ...
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Mcelvie, P., Low, J. (2002). Listening to Mozart does not improve children's spatial ability: Final curtains for the Mozart effect. The British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 20(1), 241-259. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezp01.library.qut.edu.au/docview/218679147
Pietschnig, J., Voracek, M., Formann, A. (2010). Mozart effect–Shmozart effect: A meta-analysis. Intelligence, 38(3), 314-323. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com.ezp01.library.qut.edu.au/science/article/pii/S0160289610000267
Rauscher, F. H., Shaw, G. L., Ky, K. N. (1993). Musical and Spatial Task Performance. Nature, 365, 661.
Taylor, J. M., Rowe, B. J. (2012). The "Mozart Effect" and the Mathematical Connection. College reading and learning, 42(2), 51-6. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezp01.library.qut.edu.au/docview/1037814227
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