Does Major Depressive Disorder in Parents Predict Specific Fears and Phobias in Offspring?

Does Major Depressive Disorder in Parents Predict Specific Fears and Phobias in Offspring?

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Introduction

I chose to analyze this research article which tries to answer if major depressive disorders in parents lead to specific fears and phobias in offspring, because I like psychology and I wanted an article that was related some way to this interest.
Before this research two studies were conducted that reported an increased risk of phobias in offspring of parents with major depressive disorder (MDD) when compared to children of normal parents. These findings suggested a connection between phobias and depression. But more research was needed because it was unknown the contribution of the existence of varies anxiety disorders in parents to such relationship. Another study (this time adolescents) found the certain fears, no phobias, predicted later risk to develop MDD. The authors stated that little was known about the factors that lead to the development of fears and phobias in children and adolescents and that was unknown if associations between parent MDD and child anxiety show the mixing influence of parent anxiety disorder.
The hypothesis for this study was that fears and phobias were more prevalent in offspring of parents with MDD as well as parents with anxiety disorders, and in parents with both disorders as compared with children of normal (control) parents. The research question was the title of this article: Does major depressive disorder in parents predict specific fears and phobias in offspring?
Method
Participants and Procedure
Participants came from a high-risk study of offspring of parents with anxiety and/or mood disorders and non- ill parents. Ill parents were admitted to mood disorders clinics in the New York area after the study. The children were between 6 and 17 years, in total 318, and they c...


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... children). Previous studies had a larger population sample. The authors mentioned a studied that had over 2000 subjects.
I suggest that for future studies researchers use a bigger sample and gather the information directly from the offspring.
On the other hand, the researchers found an increased of specific fears in offspring of parents with both major depressive disorder and anxiety disorder. They suggested that this could be related to impairment in parenting or family functioning due to parental psychopathology, increased genetic loading for illness, or both. Then, the researchers hypothesized that “a history of both anxiety and depression among parents may indicate greater susceptibility to psychopathology in offspring” (382).
This assignment was very helpful because learn to find, read and understand the basic parts of a research article and to cite it.

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