Essay about The Doctrine Of Theory Of Mind And Body

Essay about The Doctrine Of Theory Of Mind And Body

Length: 838 words (2.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Descartes studied the notions of truth, belief, and justification. His pursuit was to find the truth with certain knowledge that he acquired. Descartes’s believes that our mind and body are separate; therefore he could not trust his own senses. In order to reconstruct his knowledge to the point were there was no doubt he must only trust clear and distinct ideas. He argues that the mind is immaterial and the body is material, which he states as dualism and are independent substances. He states that the only thing to be trusted is the mind since it is what defines that “I” exist. Because we can’t trust or senses then is the body part of a dream or an illusion? We are humans and what completes us is our mind and body together as one. Our senses are part of what makes life real. There is no denying that what we see, touch, and taste is material but it takes both mind and body to identify this.
Philosopher Gilbert Ryle is known for the Official Doctrine of theory of mind. He believed that what Descartes conclusion of mind and body being separate was a category mistake. Ryle said, “the category mistake was applying properties to a non-material thing that are logically and grammatically appropriate only for a category including material things” (Gilbert Ryle). The mind is invisible and has no size or weight and mechanical laws in the physical world govern the body. Therefore, the mind can cause the body to act but the body can also cause an effect on the mind. The mind and body both can create an effect to the physical world. Not only are they connected together but also after death both will continue to function and exist.
David Hume another philosopher describes the difference in relations of ideas and matters of facts. “Relations ...

... middle of paper ...

... to the body functions.
Descartes sure had a different way of seeing things in regard to the mind and body of humans and whether or not we can trust our senses. But regardless of trusting our senses or if we know if what we see is a dream or if we are awake at the end of the day we are still living and experiencing life. We can sit and wonder and have disbelieve in what is truly in front of us but the truth is that we are breathing human with body parts that include mind and body. Without mind and body we wouldn’t be breathing, seeing, tasting, and/or thinking. Life is full of skepticism but we have only one choice and that is to believe in what we truly want to believe in even if it’s not true. That is what makes life fun and continue to want to explore. If we had all the answers to life then there would be no point in using our minds and exploring with our body.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Analysis of Naomi Klein’s book, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism

- The term the Shock Doctrine was created by journalist Naomi Klein in her book The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism which refers to the idea that economic liberalists formed an entire industry take advantage of disasters such as natural disasters or military coups and privatize everything they can get their hands on. The name of this industry is the Disaster Capitalism Complex and it is comprised of the corporations and organizations that see recently shocked areas as ripe for the emplacement of economically liberal policies and institutions....   [tags: shock doctrine]

Better Essays
1676 words (4.8 pages)

Substance Dualism : The Mind Body Problem Essay

- The mind is a very interesting phenomena, it is something that we know exists in a basic sense, but there are just some things that we cannot know about the mind, for example, we know that the mind is directly tied to the brain, but we do not know whether the brain is a spiritual entity that controls the brain, or if the brain creates what we call the mind, which embodies our conscience. this, in a basic sense is a start to the problem to be discussed, the mind-body problem is the challenge of explaining how mental states such as thoughts and other mental processes relate to the physical worlds events states and processes, since the body and mind operate on two completely different planes; t...   [tags: Mind, Philosophy of mind, Soul, Ontology]

Better Essays
980 words (2.8 pages)

Rene Descartes And The Mind Body Problem Essay

- Rene Descartes and the Mind-Body Problem Descartes was very influential in the field of psychology. Some of his concepts are still utilized in the world of psychology today. His most profound contribution to psychology was the mind-body problem. This problem is one that has been discussed and debated about for a long length of time. Mind-body Problem What is the mind-body problem. The mind-body problem is the main question of trying to distinguish between the qualities of the mental and physical (Schulz & Schulz, 2016)....   [tags: Mind, Psychology, Neuron, Nervous system]

Better Essays
1088 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on The Differences Between Mind And Soul

- The differences of mind and soul have intrigued mankind since the dawn of time, Rene Descartes, Thomas Nagel, and Plato have addressed the differences between mind and matter. Does the soul remain despite the demise of its material extension. Is the soul immaterial. Are bodies, but a mere extension of forms in the physical world. Descartes, Nagel, and Plato agree that the immaterial soul and the physical body are distinct entities. Descartes’s approach to understanding the difference between mind and matter initially began by him doubting all truths which he had grown up believing to be true....   [tags: Soul, Mind, Philosophy of mind, Perception]

Better Essays
931 words (2.7 pages)

The Mystery And Wonders Of The Mind Essay

- Consciousness The mystery and wonders of the mind Many scientists have tried to understand the mind, specifically the conscious. It has been a concept that few have challenged, even less have begun to unravel. René Descartes, one of the most prominent mathematicians, scientist, and philosopher of the 17th Century, came with a theory that tried to explain the reality that is our consciousness. He said, “Cogito ergo sum” or, “I think, therefore I am”, the idea that being able to think about existence, proves that you are real....   [tags: Consciousness, Mind, René Descartes]

Better Essays
736 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on Responses to the Doctrine of Mind-Brain Identity

- Responses to the Doctrine of Mind-Brain Identity To be in pain is, for example, is to have one's c-fibres, or more likely a-fibres, firing in the central nervous system; to believe that broccoli will kill you is to have one's B(bk)-fibres firing, and so on. The Blackwell Companion to Philosophy:Chapter 5 'Philosophy of Mind' by William G. Lycan The theory or doctrine of mind-brain identity, as its name implies, denies the claim of dualists that mind and brain (or consciousness and matter) are distinct substances....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]

Better Essays
2365 words (6.8 pages)

The Official Doctrine Essay

- The Official Doctrine is a widely believed religion based description of the “internal” human mind and “external” human body. It is derived from Renee Descartes, a famous and well respected dualist. Dualists believe that the mind and body are separate entities that are ordinarily linked together until death. Therefore, a human being is both a body and a mind until the body dies. The mind exists in time and the body exists in both time and space. All matter that exists in space, including human bodies, is governed by the same mechanical laws....   [tags: Philosophy]

Better Essays
1063 words (3 pages)

Essay about Aristotle 's Theory Of The Doctrine Of Final Causality

- At some point in everyone’s life, they have probably wondered what their purpose is, what they’re meant to do or accomplish during their time on Earth. In his writing, Physics, Aristotle gives four causes that are responsible for that which is by nature, with the final cause, the purpose of a thing, being the considered the chief cause. With this principle in mind, Aristotle ponders what the final causes are for both man and for the state in the Nicomachean Ethics. Aristotle applies the doctrine of final causality to his teachings by claiming that the final cause for man is happiness, attainable through virtue, and the telos of the state is to produce and foster virtuous citizens....   [tags: Causality, Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics]

Better Essays
1306 words (3.7 pages)

Gilbert Ryle’s The Concept of Mind Essay

- Gilbert Ryle’s The Concept of Mind Gilbert Ryle’s The Concept of Mind (1949) is a critique of the notion that the mind is distinct from the body, and is a rejection of the philosophical theory that mental states are distinct from physical states. Ryle argues that the traditional approach to the relation of mind and body (i.e., the approach which is taken by the philosophy of Descartes) assumes that there is a basic distinction between Mind and Matter. According to Ryle, this assumption is a basic 'category-mistake,' because it attempts to analyze the relation betwen 'mind' and 'body' as if they were terms of the same logical category....   [tags: Ryle Concept Mind Philosophy Essays]

Better Essays
1095 words (3.1 pages)

Analyzing Individuation and Identity In Descartes´ Philosophical View of the Mind-Body Dualism

- Every since Plato introduced the idea of dualism thousands of years ago meta-physicians have been faced with the mind-body problem. Even so Plato idea of dualism did not become a major issue of debate in the philosophical world until the seventeenth century when French philosopher Rene Descartes publicized his ideas concerning the mental and physical world. During this paper, I will analyze the issue of individuation and identity in Descartes’ philosophical view of the mind-body dualism. I will first start by explaining the structure of Cartesian dualism....   [tags: Rene Descartes, Plato, Cartesian dualism]

Better Essays
1098 words (3.1 pages)