Essay about The Doctrine Of Theory Of Mind And Body

Essay about The Doctrine Of Theory Of Mind And Body

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Descartes studied the notions of truth, belief, and justification. His pursuit was to find the truth with certain knowledge that he acquired. Descartes’s believes that our mind and body are separate; therefore he could not trust his own senses. In order to reconstruct his knowledge to the point were there was no doubt he must only trust clear and distinct ideas. He argues that the mind is immaterial and the body is material, which he states as dualism and are independent substances. He states that the only thing to be trusted is the mind since it is what defines that “I” exist. Because we can’t trust or senses then is the body part of a dream or an illusion? We are humans and what completes us is our mind and body together as one. Our senses are part of what makes life real. There is no denying that what we see, touch, and taste is material but it takes both mind and body to identify this.
Philosopher Gilbert Ryle is known for the Official Doctrine of theory of mind. He believed that what Descartes conclusion of mind and body being separate was a category mistake. Ryle said, “the category mistake was applying properties to a non-material thing that are logically and grammatically appropriate only for a category including material things” (Gilbert Ryle). The mind is invisible and has no size or weight and mechanical laws in the physical world govern the body. Therefore, the mind can cause the body to act but the body can also cause an effect on the mind. The mind and body both can create an effect to the physical world. Not only are they connected together but also after death both will continue to function and exist.
David Hume another philosopher describes the difference in relations of ideas and matters of facts. “Relations ...


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... to the body functions.
Descartes sure had a different way of seeing things in regard to the mind and body of humans and whether or not we can trust our senses. But regardless of trusting our senses or if we know if what we see is a dream or if we are awake at the end of the day we are still living and experiencing life. We can sit and wonder and have disbelieve in what is truly in front of us but the truth is that we are breathing human with body parts that include mind and body. Without mind and body we wouldn’t be breathing, seeing, tasting, and/or thinking. Life is full of skepticism but we have only one choice and that is to believe in what we truly want to believe in even if it’s not true. That is what makes life fun and continue to want to explore. If we had all the answers to life then there would be no point in using our minds and exploring with our body.

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