The Division of Labor in Society by Emily Durkheim Essay

The Division of Labor in Society by Emily Durkheim Essay

Length: 631 words (1.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Emile Durkheim is largely credited as the man who made Sociology a science. As a boy, he was enraptured by the scientific approach to society, but at that time, there was no social science curriculum. Vowing to change this, Durkheim worked scrupulously to earn his “degree in philosophy in 1882”. (Johnson 34) Unable to change the French school system right away, Emile traveled to Germany to further his education. It was there that he published his initial findings and gained the knowledge necessary to influence the French education system. Emile Durkheim is a distinguished and well versed man who, through his work, established a platform for other sociologist to build on.
On his own, Durkheim contributed a number of elements to the newly founded field. Firstly, in 1893, Durkheim published his first major work, The Division of Labor in Society. (Johnson 51) This book was groundbreaking, in that he introduced the concept of "anomie", which is the breakdown of the influence of social norms on individuals within a society. Next, in 1895, he published The Rules of Sociological Method, which was his second major work. This was a manifesto discussing what sociology is and how it ought to be taught and carried out. Then, he published his third major work, Suicide: A Study in Sociology. This was a case study that explored the differing suicide rates among Protestants and Catholics, and argued that stronger social control among Catholics results in lower suicide rates. In 1912, Durkheim published his last major work, The Elementary Forms of The Religious Life. This book analyzes religion, through the lens of a social phenomenon.
By being a pioneer in the field of sociology Emile Durkheim opened the door for other sociologists to build up...


... middle of paper ...


...nt. Religion, and its necessity, are outside of the bounds of time, and therefore will never ‘fade away’ or become any less important. To a Catholic, justice toward God results in the virtue of religion. As a whole, Catholics believe that their God, in His infinite compassion and love, gave them life and so it is only fitting to honor him through religion.
Regardless of his misalignments with the Catholic faith, Emile Durkheim was a brilliant and innovative thinker, who made a change in the way that sociology is viewed today. His work, though a bit outdated, set the stage for countless other sociologist, philosophers, and revolutionaries. He died on November 15, 1917. Before his death he rose to great esteem within the French community. He held numerous important positions, including becoming the Chair of Education and teaching at many distinguished universities.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Punishment Essay

- There are many explanations for what punishment characterises. For Emile Durkheim, punishment was mainly an expression of social solidarity and not a form of crime control. Here, the offender attacks the social moral order by committing a crime and therefore, has to be punished, to show that this moral order still "works". Durkheim's theory suggests that punishment must be visible to everyone, and so expresses the outrage of all members of society against the challenge to their collective values....   [tags: Emily Durkheim]

Better Essays
1113 words (3.2 pages)

Emile Durkheim's The Division of Labour in Society Essay

- Outline and discuss Durkheim’s ‘The Division of Labour in Society’ Frequently referred to as “the father of sociology”, Emile Durkheim was one of the most influential and high-ranking individuals in contemporary social thought. His work has stimulated great levels of achievement for many years amongst sociologists in terms of studying civil societies, cultural analysis and the sociology of the emotions (Emirbayer and Cohen 2003:1). Durkheim’s perspectives cover a broad range of other issues as well, from social structure to the individual and collective agency, from the state and political public sphere of economic life, and from sociological methodology to moral criticism....   [tags: Sociology, Theory, Culture, Employment]

Better Essays
2374 words (6.8 pages)

The Theories of Emile Durkkheim Essay

- The Theories of Emile Durkheim Emile Durkheim also referred to as “The Father of Sociology” (Thio, 2002), played a critical role in establishing theories based on “Social Facts” (Thio, 2002) He is best known for his views of “social reality”( Thio, 2002) and their ties into how a society works. He was said to be a sociologist who played an important part in the development of “structural functionalism” (Thio, 2002), and sociology as a whole. His four major studies, or publications, have assured him a place in the history of sociology’s intellectual development (Thompson, 2002)....   [tags: Sociology ]

Better Essays
1476 words (4.2 pages)

Essay about The Social Causes of Suicide and Durkheim's Theory

- Durkheim was a functionalist, and theorised that a holistic social narrative could be identified which would explain individual behaviour. He argued that, whilst society was made up of its members, it was greater than the sum of its parts, and was an external pressure that determined the behaviour of the individuals within it. At that time, suicide rates in Europe were rising, and so the causes of suicide were on the agenda. Since suicide is seen as an intrinsically personal and individual action, establishing it as having societal causes would be a strong defence for Durkheim’s functionalist perspective....   [tags: Sociology, Suicide, Durkheim, ]

Better Essays
1907 words (5.4 pages)

Durkheim 's Influence On Social Science Essay

- Emile Durkheim was born in 1858 in the region of France known as the Alsace-Lorraine. His father, grandfather, and great-grandfather had all been rabbis, however Durkheim quickly decided against following into the rabbinate early in his youth (Jones 1986). Durkheim excelled in science as a student, however his weakness in studying Latin and rhetoric caused him to fail the entrance exams to Ecole twice before he passed (Jones 1986). Durkheim trained to be a teacher at Ecole, as well as participated in lively debates, in which he advocated for the republican cause (Jones 1986)....   [tags: Sociology, Scientific method, Émile Durkheim]

Better Essays
758 words (2.2 pages)

durkheim division of laber Essay

- Emile Durkheim main concern was social order, and how individual integrated to maintain it. The Division of Labor was one of Durkheim’s first major works. Society is a system of inter-related and inter-connected of not only individuals but also subgroups interacting with one another. Durkheim is interested on how this division of labor changes the way that individuals feel when they are part of society as a whole. As society advances it becomes more complex, and as it becomes more complex, it gets harder to maintain with the rise of conflict....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
1008 words (2.9 pages)

Emile Durkheim 's Theory Of Anomie, Social Control Theory, And Labelling Theory

- Emile Durkheim, considered to be the father of sociology, has had a major impact on the entire field of behavioral studies. However, his impact on criminology can be seen in almost all theories that have followed him. Using Durkheim’s incredibly dense work, many theorists have created their own theories using his arguments as a basis. He changed the field of criminology when he claimed that crime is a product of society not one of the individual himself. He shifted the focus from individual to society....   [tags: Sociology, Criminology, Émile Durkheim]

Better Essays
1348 words (3.9 pages)

Essay about Karl Marx, Max Weber And Emile Durkheim

- Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim all offered differing perspectives on the division of labor. Marx claims that the division of labor is motivated by the market. Weber claims that it developed through the industrious essence of the Protestant ethic. Durkheim claims it developed due to an increase in dynamic density. Each theorist argues that the division of labor impacts society using differing methods. The challenge is the management of attaching different values without causation of detriment to the system....   [tags: Sociology, Marxism, Émile Durkheim, Max Weber]

Better Essays
1653 words (4.7 pages)

Durkheim And Weber 's Theory Of Modern Day Sociological Thinking Essay

- Introduction Three thinkers form the foundations of modern-day sociological thinking. Émile Durkheim, Karl Marx, and Max Weber. Each developed different theoretical approaches to help us understand the way societies function, and how we are determined by society. This essay will focus on the contrasts and similarities of Durkheim and Weber’s thought of how we are determined by society. It will then go on to argue that Weber provides us with the best account of modern life. Durkheim Emile Durkheim (1858 - 1917), believed individuals are determined by the society they live in because they share a moral reality that we have been socialised to internalise through social facts....   [tags: Sociology, Max Weber, Émile Durkheim]

Better Essays
1215 words (3.5 pages)

Marx, Weber, Durkheim, and Simmel: The Relationship between Society and the Individual

- Marx, Weber, Durkheim, and Simmel: The Relationship between Society and the Individual Each of the four classical theorists Marx, Weber, Durkheim, and Simmel had different theories of the relationship between society and the individual. It is the objective of this paper to critically evaluate the sociological approaches of each theory to come to a better understanding of how each theorist perceived such a relationship and what it means for the nature of social reality.      Karl Marx noted that society was highly stratified in that most of the individuals in society, those who worked the hardest, were also the ones who received the least from the benefits of their labor....   [tags: Marx Weber Durkheim Simmel Sociology Essays]

Better Essays
3473 words (9.9 pages)