The Division Of Labor As An Individual 's Personality Essay

The Division Of Labor As An Individual 's Personality Essay

Length: 1250 words (3.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The division of labor is a process in which individuals take on specialized tasks. Over time, philosophers and economists have developed multiple views on this concept and its resulting consequences. Adam Smith claims that the division of labor leads to greater productivity due to an increase in skill and a decrease in required time. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels argue that it destroys the individual, as well as their power and creativity. Émile Durkheim agrees with Smith while addressing the negatives of specialization. Durkheim also explores organic solidarity, which he says creates social unity. One may argue that the division of labor is detrimental to an individual’s personality, but it can be beneficial. One might say that the division of labor is counter-productive to social unity because each job is immensely specialized, but as long as it is not forced, harmony will arise. Smith, Marx and Engels, and Durkheim all present views on the division of labor, but Durkheim’s argument is superior because it encapsulates the claims of the other two and extends the concept in new directions.
In his work, The Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith reasons that division of labor represents an increase in the productivity of a society, and he accredits this increase to three specific consequences. Adam states that, “the greatest improvements in the productive powers of labour seem to have been the effects of the division of labor” (Ch. 1). He exemplifies this claim by describing the trade of pin-making, and how, by splitting up the process into specialized jobs, people can make more pins in less time. Smith argues that this increase due to specialization “is owing to three different circumstances; first, to the increase in dexterity…secondly...


... middle of paper ...


...urkheim fails to see that the division of labor leads to a dangerous class system. However, Durkheim argues that classes will be content as long as the division of labor is not regulated (103). Regulations can cause the lower class to become dissatisfied and then “civil wars arise” (103). He goes on to say that in order to avoid this, the division of labor must be natural and not forced. So, as long as there are no rules to specialization, the class system should not be an issue.
Overall, Smith believes the division of labor is beneficial to productivity, Marx and Engels believe it extinguishes individuals, and Durkheim touches on both of these aspects while incorporating new ideas, making his argument superior. The division of labor can be analyzed in many ways, but according to Durkheim, good will come if everyone plays their role as “an organ of society” (105).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

I Am an Individual Essay

- Are we individuals. According to Emile Durkheim (1858-1917), “society has a strong influence on the individuals who need to adapt themselves to and already determined fixed society” (Frazaneh, 2008, p. 1).Max Weber (1864-1920) on the other hand states that, “the response or reaction of the individual is a determining factor that constantly and consistently shapes and molds society itself” (Frazaneh, 2008, p. 1). Emile Durkheim was a French sociologist, who is cited by some as the principal architect of modern social science....   [tags: Sociology]

Strong Essays
1001 words (2.9 pages)

The Relation of Personality in Politics Essay

- While searching for information regarding social phobia, I stumbled across some interesting information. Information regarding the psychology of politics, I was negligent to such a concept until this point in time, and immediately I began searching for this information, rather than my previous interest. This paper will give a general viewpoint on politics from a psychological standpoint. Initially it will discuss political philosophers, and how their beliefs could have shaped the political system today....   [tags: Political Psychology]

Strong Essays
1830 words (5.2 pages)

The Division Of Labor Essays

- This essay argues about the advantages of the ‘division of labor’ in the Wealth of Nations work by the Scottish philosopher Adam Smith. It will be discussed how the implication of this term benefits the economical spectrum and develops the quality of produced goods and perfects workers abilities. For the purposes of the analysis it is important to stress that the meaning and the explanation of that term would play a key role. The second part of the essay argues that Smith saw ‘the division of labor’ as a positive source of growing productiveness of industrial capitalist markets, thorough the given example of a production of even the simplest thing like pin....   [tags: Karl Marx, Capitalism, Adam Smith, Sociology]

Strong Essays
1088 words (3.1 pages)

The Division Of Labor Of The Home Essay

- Often viewed in several different ways, the division of labor of the home is never easy to assign. Willingly taking on their assigned roles, numerous families abide by these assignments, still; other marriages want equality in this division of household chores. Countless of these tasks can be strenuous and demanding. The responsibilities that come with these daily routines can also be life threatening if not carefully performed. A few of the duties in the day-to-day trade of maintaining a household include tasks such as cooking, cleaning, and caring for children....   [tags: Family, Home, Grandparent, Homemaker]

Strong Essays
1592 words (4.5 pages)

Plato’s View of Division of Labor in Plato’s Republic Essay

- Plato’s view of division of labour is divided into three types of peoples’ task in life which are workers as farmers, military type and guardians. Actually, the ruling task of Plato’s Republic is the guardian’s responsible who had achieved the greatest wisdom or knowledge of good. Due to that, Plato claims that “philosopher must become kings or those now who called kings must genuinely and adequately philosophise’’ (Nussbaum1998, p.18). However, people argue about the reasons that the philosopher should rule the city, while the philosophers prefer to gain knowledge instead of power, thus they don’t seek this authority....   [tags: Plato, Divisions of Labor, Plato’s Republic, Repub]

Strong Essays
981 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on An Individual 's Personality Theory

- People are different in more ways than one, but one of the most obvious examples lies in personalities. An individual’s personality consists of a combination of their psychological character, making them unique in almost every other aspect. Their psychological differences are what causes specific reactions to things and the reasons interactions and communication are set in environments. Each personality has its own set of traits originated in genetics that come together to make a combination of features that form the ways each person feels, acts, and thinks....   [tags: Genetics, Psychology, Personality psychology]

Strong Essays
1368 words (3.9 pages)

A Modern Division of Labor and Gender Norms Essay

- Modern feminists might gasp if I assert patriarchy once allowed efficient economic organization, but the tools of modern political economy unveil the mystery of why inegalitarian gender norms were once economically efficient. Evolving modes of production and material constraints necessitate an efficient division of labor guided by socialized gender norms that adapt to economic macroconditions. Gary Becker and Torben Iversen understand an economic division of labor differently given their different historical-material conditions....   [tags: feminists, political economy, gender]

Strong Essays
1069 words (3.1 pages)

Markets and the Division of Labor: Social Impacts Essay

- Introduction Most countries that are developing have familiarized themselves with the theatrical fissure between the raised expectations and the results essentially achieved courtesy of the reforms instituted to widen the function of the market in the social processes, and with an analogous fissure between the outcomes and expectations connected to social cohesion and problems. This paper scrutinizes relations between markets and division of labor and how they encourage or discourage social cohesion....   [tags: Global Issues, Economic Development]

Strong Essays
2551 words (7.3 pages)

Essay on Susan Bordo's View on Division of Labor

- “As this division of labor developed, strong dualistic notions about “masculinity” and “femininity” began to emerge, with sanctions against the man or women who dares to cross over to the side of the divide where they did not belong by nature” (Bordo 8-9). Masculinity and femininity describes gender identities. It changes however with culture society and individuals. Bordo explains women took on jobs that had gentle roles such as nurses or Teachers, while men took on hands on jobs such as construction workers or electricians....   [tags: contemporary cultural studies]

Strong Essays
568 words (1.6 pages)

Division of Labor Essay

- Marx's View of the Division of Labor The Division of Labor is a subject which has fascinated social scientists for millennia. Before the advent of modern times, philosophers and theologians concerned themselves with the implications of the idea. Plato saw as the ultimate form of society a community in which social functions would be rigidly separated and maintained; society would be divided into definite functional groups: warriors, artisans, unskilled laborers, rulers. St. Paul, in his first letter to the church at Corinth, went so far as to describe the universal Church in terms of a body: there are hands, feet, eyes, and all are under the head, Christ....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
2862 words (8.2 pages)