The American Civil War occurred from April 12, 1861 to May 9, 1865. Outside of the many soldiers and generals that pledged their allegiance to one side or another, there were three prominent figures: Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, and Frederick Douglass. Abraham Lincoln served as President from March 4, 1861 until his assassination, on April 15, 1865. Jefferson Davis, elected as President of the Confederate States in February 22, 1862 served until May 10, 1865. Frederick Douglass was a onetime slave, who turned into a freedman and abolitionist. The common link between these men was that none of the three was thrilled with the prospect of war, but they were up to the task of fighting for their deeply held beliefs.
President Abraham Lincoln delivered the first of his two inaugural addresses on March 4, 1861, in Washington, D.C. The speech, directed specifically to the southern states, reassured the Southerners that that he understood the concerns regarding the incoming Republican administration, which was a departure from the leadership of James Buchanan, and that he did not intend to start a war with them. He also reasoned that a fractured country is not as strong separately as a unified one while stating that the Southerners wanting to secede represented a minority of the people who are unwilling to compromise with the majority. He also pointed out that if at some point, a minority group within the Confederate States has a disagreement, they may well secede based on the same grounds. While Lincoln mentions the change of national political leading party, slavery and the disagreement about enforcement and spread of the institution of slavery and abolitionist laws threatening to divide the countr...
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...and one can imagine the emotions that it evoked as it was being delivered and was the most likely to incite revolution. As a opposed to an educated white man delivering a very political speech to his mostly white constituents with varying levels of education, Douglass eloquently delivered by as a man who was educated well beyond what was expected at the time to a meeting of his peers, most of whom probably received little training into reading and writing. This was probably a very inspiring fact within itself. Both of the speeches by Lincoln were good because they appealed to good reason. Even if one does not always agree with the logic he provided, he made it very easy to follow. The problem with the logic that Jefferson Davis uses in his speech is that it was actually not logical as Lincoln already warned of issues that come with states dividing from their country.
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