Essay on The Diversity Of Moral Values Through The Theory Of Cultural Relativism

Essay on The Diversity Of Moral Values Through The Theory Of Cultural Relativism

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This study will define the diversity of moral values through the theory of Cultural Relativism (CR) that refutes the paradigm that there is a “right” or “wrong” in the moral paradigms of differing cultures. Rachel defines the important moral question of macrocosmic moral paradigms that claim ”righteousness”, yet individual societies have their own moral codes that deviate from these norms. CR defines the importance of diverse moral perspectives throughout the world, which refute any type of absolutist definition of morality. This philosophical approach illustrates the problem of generalizations and overt pressures from differing societies, which may seek to impose their moral values onto other cultures. Therefore, CR defines the revelation that different societies can have their own collective or individual moral values, since there is no “universal” claim to moral righteous on the part of any culture over that of another culture. In essence, an analysis of the diversity of moral values through the theory of Cultural Relativism defines the importance of variety and non-absolutism in terms of evaluating different cultural norms in the modern world.
The importance of understanding moral diversity is essential for understanding how different cultures interpret what is “right” or “wrong” in society. Rachel () defines the important features of Cultural Relativism (CR) that define the complex and diversified array of moral beliefs throughout the world. In this manner, the issue of morality often defines a diversity of beliefs that cannot be generalized and/or collectivized in terms of standardizing any type of “universal” claim:
To many thinkers, this observation—“Different cultures have different moral codes”—has seemed to be the key...


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...ase, Nagel is aware of the underlying diversity and relativism of moral values, which cannot be easily measured in terms of judging what is “right” or Wrong” about differing codes of moral conduct. In this manner, the theory of CR provides a valid definition of the diverse array of moral behaviors, which an reduce the tendency for “selfish” or hegemonic views of cultures that do not conform to a dominant worldview or a “universal” set of values. Nagel 's (1987) point of view advances the important definition of cultural relativism as being based on subjective values, which can vary in terms of evaluating the moral basis of culture differences. These are the important aspects of CR, which devolve the generalized, standardized, and universal aspects of moral values, which illustrate the diversity of modern philosophical approaches to moral values in a modern context.

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