The importance of understanding moral diversity is essential for understanding how different cultures interpret what is “right” or “wrong” in society. Rachel () defines the important features of Cultural Relativism (CR) that define the complex and diversified array of moral beliefs throughout the world. In this manner, the issue of morality often defines a diversity of beliefs that cannot be generalized and/or collectivized in terms of standardizing any type of “universal” claim:
To many thinkers, this observation—“Different cultures have different moral codes”—has seemed to be the key...
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...ase, Nagel is aware of the underlying diversity and relativism of moral values, which cannot be easily measured in terms of judging what is “right” or Wrong” about differing codes of moral conduct. In this manner, the theory of CR provides a valid definition of the diverse array of moral behaviors, which an reduce the tendency for “selfish” or hegemonic views of cultures that do not conform to a dominant worldview or a “universal” set of values. Nagel 's (1987) point of view advances the important definition of cultural relativism as being based on subjective values, which can vary in terms of evaluating the moral basis of culture differences. These are the important aspects of CR, which devolve the generalized, standardized, and universal aspects of moral values, which illustrate the diversity of modern philosophical approaches to moral values in a modern context.
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