Dissociative Identity Disorder ( Mpd ) Essay

Dissociative Identity Disorder ( Mpd ) Essay

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There are a whole range of dissociative disorders, but Dissociative Identity Disorder, also known as Multiple Personality Disorder, is considered one of the more severe forms: “Multiple personality disorder (MPD) is a chronic, posttraumatic dissociative disorder characterized by recurrent disturbances of identity and memory” (MacGregor, 1996, p. 389). This means that a person can form different “personalities” in their mind and ultimately dissociate into these personalities when they are in a stressful situation. In the DSM-III-R, the author gives two criteria that must be met in order to make an official diagnoses: “(a) the existence within the person of two or more distinct personalities or personality states (each with its own relatively enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and self), and (b) at least two of these personalities or personality states recurrently take full control of the person 's behavior” (MacGregor, 1996, p. 390). These criteria have not changed much over the years, but the DSM-V adds a few more specific criteria such as the symptoms must cause significant impairment in one’s areas of functioning, occupational, social, etc, and the symptoms must not be caused by any physiological effects, like being intoxicated by any type of substance (Tracy, n.d). If an individual meets the requirements mentioned above, they can be officially diagnosed with Dissociative Identity Disorder. A person may feel like there are gaps in their timeline because different personalities are taking over, depending on the situation. For example, if a woman is about to get robbed at gunpoint a personality state may take over for her and defend her so that she does not get robbed. Different persona...


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...osis as well. Some people needed an explanation for what happened to them in their early childhood. Since childhood abuse and trauma is what mainly causes Dissociative Identity Disorder, receiving this diagnosis allowed people to give declaration to something terrible that happened to them (Evans & Bartholomew, 2009). There were many other books and publications coming out at this time about this disorder, which only lended to its popularity. Popular media, like talk shows, soon joined in and started interviewing people who supposedly had Dissociative Identity Disorder and their therapists. A program on the Oprah Winfrey Show was cleverly named “MPD: The Syndrome of the ‘90s” (Evans & Bartholomew, 2009, p. 433). A lot of skeptics thought that this diagnosis was given too freely by therapists, who placed their patients under hypnotic suggestion. Therapy sessions, that

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